Anne Naessens

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We describe an outbreak of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) that occurred in the neonatal intensive care unit of our hospital. A total of 12 neonates developed NEC in June-July 1998. For two of them, twin brothers, the NEC turned out to be fatal. Enterobacter sakazakii, a known contaminant of powdered milk formula, was isolated from a stomach aspirate, anal(More)
OBJECTIVE Toxoplasmosis during pregnancy can cause fetal infection, with unpredictable sequelae in later life. We measured the effects of prenatal antibiotic therapy on the fetomaternal transmission of Toxoplasma gondii and on the appearance of sequelae in the congenitally infected child at age 1 year. STUDY DESIGN In a multicenter study we investigated(More)
BACKGROUND Prevention of congenital toxoplasmosis is most often based on the results of a serological screening program in pregnant women followed by prenatal and postnatal treatment of women and their newborns when infection is already established during pregnancy or on cord blood (secondary prevention). Little effort has been made to study primary(More)
To compare the distribution of Ureaplasma urealyticum serotypes 1 to 10 in different patient populations, the serotypes of 240 U. urealyticum strains from 207 patients were determined by the indirect immunofluorescence test by using U. urealyticum antisera 1 to 10. Strains were obtained from the following four patient groups: group 1, 24 couples in which(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the incidence, characteristics, and evolution of sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) in infants with a congenital cytomegalovirus infection (cCMV). STUDY DESIGN In a prospective 10-year study, 14 021 unselected live-born infants were screened for cCMV by virus isolation in urine. Congenitally infected newborns were evaluated for SNHL(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the feasibility of a serologic screening program in pregnant women to detect neonates at risk for a congenital cytomegalovirus infection. STUDY DESIGN Unselected mother-infant pairs (n = 7140) were studied. In the mother, serologic screening consisted of the testing for cytomegalovirus antibodies at the first prenatal visit and at(More)
Two protocols for the extraction of cytomegalovirus (CMV) DNA and two methods for the amplification of CMV DNA in dried blood spots were evaluated for the retrospective diagnosis of congenital CMV infection. During the period from 1996 to 2006, a urine screening program detected 76 congenitally infected neonates. Stored Guthrie cards with blood from 55(More)
In order to investigate the accuracy and practicability of the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in the antenatal diagnosis of congenital toxoplasmosis, a collaborative study involving 15 European laboratories was performed under the auspices of the Biomed 2 Programme of the European Community. Each team received 12 aliquots (four negative, eight positive) of(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate different laboratory tests used to diagnose congenital toxoplasmosis in the neonatal period. STUDY DESIGN A retrospective multicenter study of 294 pregnant women who experienced seroconversion for Toxoplasma gondii and subsequently delivered live-born infants. Fetal infection was assessed via specific IgM and IgA antibodies (cord and(More)
Three patients are reported with false positive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for IgG antibodies against Borrelia burgdorferi, respectively associated with undifferentiated connective tissue disease or systemic lupus erythematosus. These cases further document that Lyme serology should be interpreted with caution and within the clinical context.