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The impact of childhood abuse on inpatient substance users: specific links with risky sex, aggression, and emotion dysregulation.
TLDR
Assessment of specific abuse types among substance users may be informative in treatment planning and relapse prevention, and among substanceUsers, different types of abuse are uniquely associated with specific negative effects.
An examination of psychiatric comorbidities as a function of gender and substance type within an inpatient substance use treatment program.
TLDR
There are particularly elevated rates of psychiatric disorders among individuals with substance dependence in inpatient treatment, and these rates differ as a function of substance dependence type and gender, making these factors important to consider when researching and treating this type of population.
The prospective effects of perceived and laboratory indices of distress tolerance on cannabis use following a self-guided quit attempt.
TLDR
Results suggest that veterans' perceived ability to tolerate distress is an important predictor of cannabis use following a self-guided quit attempt, and the Distress Tolerance Scale could serve as an important tool for helping to identify veterans at risk for cannabis use postquit.
The effectiveness of cognitive behavioral therapy for personality disorders.
TLDR
Research generally supports the conclusion that CBT is an effective treatment modality for reducing symptoms and enhancing functional outcomes among patients withPDs, thereby making it a useful framework for clinicians working with patients with PD symptomatology.
The relationship between risk-taking propensity and the COMT Val(158)Met polymorphism among early adolescents as a function of sex.
TLDR
Results indicate that females, but not males, who are carriers of the COMT 158Met allele had higher risk-taking propensity scores on the Balloon Analog Risk Task-Youth Version (BART-Y), compared to Val homozygotes.
Early adolescent symptoms of social phobia prospectively predict alcohol use.
TLDR
It is highlighted that elevated SP symptoms place adolescents at risk for early alcohol use, and early interventions targeting SP symptoms may be crucial for the prevention of problematic alcohol use in early to mid-adolescence.
The impact of changes in distress tolerance on PTSD symptom severity post-treatment among veterans in residential trauma treatment.
TLDR
Regression analyses revealed that, within each veteran sample, those with the greatest improvements in DT had the lowest PCL total and subscale scores at discharge after controlling for respective intake PCL scores, suggesting increases in DT across treatment help explain the degree of benefits experienced by veterans following PTSD treatment.
A Preliminary Examination of the Relationship Between the 5-HTTLPR and Childhood Emotional Abuse on Depressive Symptoms in 10-12-Year-Old Youth.
TLDR
Results indicate that CEA, but not the 5-HTTLPR, was related to elevated depressive symptoms among boys, and that focusing on the interplay between putative genetic markers and a broader range of environmental events might allow researchers to determine factors differentially influencing the later emergence of sex differences in depressive symptoms.
The relationship between child abuse and negative outcomes among substance users: psychopathology, health, and comorbidities.
TLDR
Individuals with substance use Disorders who have been abused have particularly elevated rates of psychiatric and substance use disorders as a function of their abuse experiences, which have important treatment implications for individuals in residential substance use treatment settings.
Posttraumatic stress disorder and positive memories: Clinical considerations.
TLDR
This review provides a comprehensive discussion of the literature on positive memories and PTSD and proposes a conceptual model that integrates evidence from experimental and positive/memory-based intervention research and highlights hypothesized mechanisms underlying the potential effectiveness of targeting positive memories in PTSD interventions.
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