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The future systematic mapping of variants that confer susceptibility to common diseases requires the construction of a fully informative polymorphism map. Ideally, every base pair of the genome would be sequenced in many individuals. Here, we report 4.75 Mb of contiguous sequence for each of two common haplotypes of the major histocompatibility complex(More)
The human major histocompatibility complex (MHC) is contained within about 4 Mb on the short arm of chromosome 6 and is recognised as the most variable region in the human genome. The primary aim of the MHC Haplotype Project was to provide a comprehensively annotated reference sequence of a single, human leukocyte antigen-homozygous MHC haplotype and to use(More)
The rate of growth and spread of breast cancer varies considerably from patient to patient. An observational study was undertaken to identify possible associations between breast cancer growth characteristics and a wide variety of host factors, including demographic, anthropometric, hormonal and dietary variables in 91 patients with breast cancer.(More)
The major histocompatibility complex (MHC) is recognised as one of the most important genetic regions in relation to common human disease. Advancement in identification of MHC genes that confer susceptibility to disease requires greater knowledge of sequence variation across the complex. Highly duplicated and polymorphic regions of the human genome such as(More)
A study of 424 women was undertaken to determine whether there was an association between serum prolactin levels and breast cancer; whether prolactin levels would reflect degrees of risk of developing breast cancer; and whether associations between known risk factors for breast cancer and serum prolactin concentrations could be demonstrated. Prolactin(More)
An Australian study of 513 women evaluated associations between obesity and both benign and malignant breast disease, and in particular investigated the role of female sex hormones. Women who gained more than 10 kg from early womanhood had a two-fold increase in risk of developing breast cancer, whereas lean women had a greater risk of being treated for(More)
The associations between oestrogen receptors, several morphological features and prognosis were studied in 53 cases of primary breast carcinoma. There was no significant association between oestrogen receptors and any morphological property studied (histological grade, cellularity, fibrosis, elastosis, necrosis, lymphatic permeation, follicular hyperplasia,(More)
The present study was undertaken in order to discover whether patients with breast cancer in large breasts experienced a delay in the detection of their cancer due to the bulk of the breast and consequently presented with more advanced tumours compared with women with small breasts. Mastectomy specimens were weighed and their dimensions measured, in(More)