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Susceptibility to antibiotics of 4,816 clinical L. monocytogenes strains isolated since 1926 was studied, and the temporal evolution of susceptibility to antibiotics was analyzed through several decades. The mechanisms of resistance in each resistant strain were studied. The prevalence of resistant strains was estimated at 1.27% among isolates from humans.(More)
Twenty well-characterized isolates of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus were used to study the optimal resolution and interlaboratory reproducibility of pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) of DNA macrorestriction fragments. Five identical isolates (one PFGE type), 5 isolates that produced related PFGE subtypes, and 10 isolates with unique PFGE(More)
The performance of a multiplex PCR assay that separates the four major serovars of the pathogenic Listeria monocytogenes into four distinct PCR groups was evaluated through a multicenter typing study. Identical panels of 90 Listeria isolates were distributed to five participating laboratories that were blind to the nature of the isolates. Isolates were(More)
According to the French Society of Microbiology, Staphylococcus aureus isolates are suspected to have decreased susceptibility to glycopeptide(s) when at least one colony is able to grow from an inoculum of 10 microL of 2 McFarland bacterial suspension plated on Mueller-Hinton agar containing 5 mg/L teicoplanin and incubated for 48 h at 35-37 degrees C. We(More)
The rRNA gene restriction pattern sof 110 strains belonging to 12 staphylococcal species have been determined. The strains, isolated from various sources, were epidemiologically unrelated. Total DNA was cleaved with restriction enzymes HindIII and EcoRI, electrophoretically separated and probed with radiolabelled 16S rDNA from Bacillus subtilis inserted in(More)
In recent years, the number of cases of listeriosis has increased worldwide. Ninety-five isolates of Listeria monocytogenes recovered from Portuguese human cases of listeriosis have been characterized by biotyping (cadmium and arsenic sensitivity), polymerase chain reaction (PCR) grouping, and by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) applying the enzymes(More)
The levels of resistance to pristinamycin (Pt) and to its major constituents, pristinamycin IIA and IB (PIIA and PIB, respectively; classified as streptogramins A and B, respectively) were determined for 126 staphylococcal isolates. The results suggest tentative susceptibility breakpoints of < or = 2, < or = 8, and < or = 0.5 microgram/ml for PIIA, PIB, and(More)
We analyzed 62 clinical isolates of streptogramin A-resistant (SGA(r)) Staphylococcus aureus collected between 1981 and 2001 in 14 hospitals located in seven French cities. These isolates, including five with decreased susceptibility to glycopeptides, were distributed into 45 antibiotypes and 38 SmaI genotypes. Each of these genotypes included between 1 and(More)
The usefulness of the ID32 Staph System and a method based on rRNA gene restriction site polymorphism was evaluated by the study of 42 staphylococcal clinical isolates phenotypically difficult to identify. The ID32 Staph micromethod and the genomic method are adapted for recognition of 27 and 31 staphylococcal taxa, respectively. The genomic method is based(More)
Ten Staphylococcus caprae strains isolated from four patients and responsible for bone infections following implantation of orthopaedic material were compared to four S. caprae strains collected from milk samples of healthy goats. The following characteristics were investigated: Smal patterns, hybridization patterns with pBA2 (ribotypes), slime production,(More)