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OBJECTIVE To review the existing literature on suicidal behaviour in people with HIV/AIDS infection. METHOD A search on the Index Medicus/MEDLINE database was performed, for articles that investigated and/or reviewed suicidal behaviour in people with HIV at any stage of the illness. Only articles written in English were used in this review. RESULTS Most(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this paper is: to compare the utility of four approaches to the diagnosis of depression in patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease; to examine the utility of four rating scales to assess the presence and severity of depression; and to devise a set of substitutive criteria that would be appropriate in patients with HIV(More)
OBJECTIVE Our aim was to gain an estimate of the rate of depressive disorder in patients with HIV/AIDS attending general practice and to investigate factors associated with depression. A further objective was to determine the ability of non-mental health medical practitioners to detect depressive symptoms in their patients with HIV/AIDS. METHODS(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to identify a cohort of patients with mania secondary to HIV infection, to describe the clinical and radiological features of HIV-related mania, and to describe the treatment outcome of the patients. METHOD All patients referred to the HIV consultation-liaison psychiatry service over the 29-month period from January(More)
OBJECTIVE Existing research suggests that the rate of depressive illness and depressive symptoms are high in people living with HIV/AIDS, but investigations on the causes of depression provide conflicting results. Social, psychological and biological factors have all been suggested as possible causes of depression in people living with HIV/AIDS. The(More)
OBJECTIVE The aims of this study were to investigate the stability of depressive symptoms over time, explore possible reasons for the genesis of depressive symptoms, examine psychosocial adjustment over time and examine the effects of the introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in a group of HIV infected patients. METHOD HIV(More)
A case-control study of 19 patients with HIV-associated mania and 57 HIV-seropositive control patients matched by CD4 cell count, age, and year of treatment was undertaken to investigate associations with risk factors for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, treatment, and disease. There was no significant difference between groups for HIV exposure(More)
BACKGROUND Antiretroviral therapy has greatly reduced HIV mortality and morbidity. However, the best sequence of regimens and implications of initial regimen for long-term therapeutic success are not well defined. METHODS In INITIO, a large international randomised trial, we compared antiretroviral therapy with two nucleoside analogue reverse(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of the paper was to assess the frequency and severity of depressive symptoms amongst HIV positive patients attending an out-patient treatment clinic. METHOD One hundred HIV positive patients attending the out-patient clinic at Fairfield Hospital, Melbourne, completed the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). RESULTS Forty-four patients(More)
OBJECTIVE Estimates for the prevalence of hepatitis C among people with a serious mental illness are high compared with the general population. High-risk behaviours commonly associated with mental illness may contribute to the estimated increased prevalence. This study aims to assess the contribution of risk behaviours to blood-borne virus infection in(More)