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OBJECTIVE To review the existing literature on suicidal behaviour in people with HIV/AIDS infection. METHOD A search on the Index Medicus/MEDLINE database was performed, for articles that investigated and/or reviewed suicidal behaviour in people with HIV at any stage of the illness. Only articles written in English were used in this review. RESULTS Most(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this paper is: to compare the utility of four approaches to the diagnosis of depression in patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease; to examine the utility of four rating scales to assess the presence and severity of depression; and to devise a set of substitutive criteria that would be appropriate in patients with HIV(More)
OBJECTIVE Our aim was to gain an estimate of the rate of depressive disorder in patients with HIV/AIDS attending general practice and to investigate factors associated with depression. A further objective was to determine the ability of non-mental health medical practitioners to detect depressive symptoms in their patients with HIV/AIDS. METHODS(More)
OBJECTIVE Existing research suggests that the rate of depressive illness and depressive symptoms are high in people living with HIV/AIDS, but investigations on the causes of depression provide conflicting results. Social, psychological and biological factors have all been suggested as possible causes of depression in people living with HIV/AIDS. The(More)
BACKGROUND Antiretroviral therapy has greatly reduced HIV mortality and morbidity. However, the best sequence of regimens and implications of initial regimen for long-term therapeutic success are not well defined. METHODS In INITIO, a large international randomised trial, we compared antiretroviral therapy with two nucleoside analogue reverse(More)
OBJECTIVE Estimates for the prevalence of hepatitis C among people with a serious mental illness are high compared with the general population. High-risk behaviours commonly associated with mental illness may contribute to the estimated increased prevalence. This study aims to assess the contribution of risk behaviours to blood-borne virus infection in(More)
BACKGROUND Transmission of HIV through breastfeeding is well documented. The World Health Organisation advise HIV-infected women in developed countries to use alternatives to breastfeeding together with highly active antiretroviral therapy and optimal management of delivery to prevent transmission of HIV to their infant. CASE REPORT We present the case of(More)
OBJECTIVE To provide an overview of the work of a liaison psychiatry service to an HIV/AIDS inpatient unit, and particularly to examine the identification of mood and related disorders by referring doctors. METHOD The MICRO-CARES prospective clinical database system was used to obtain data on all patients referred to the HIV/AIDS consultation-liaison(More)
This study assessed psychological distress (PD) in men who have sex with men (MSM) accessing primary health clinics in Australia. Relationships between PD, HIV status and substance use were explored. A cross-sectional convenience sample of 250 MSM completed the Personality Assessment Screener (PAS). One-third (n = 83) scored in the PAS clinically(More)
BACKGROUND People who inject drugs (PWID) are a key population affected by HIV. We assessed the effectiveness of HIV treatment among a clinical cohort of people living with HIV (PLHIV) diagnosed and referred for community-based antiretroviral therapy (ART) in Victoria, Australia. METHODS HIV notification data from a central statewide registry were matched(More)