Anne McLaren Dorrance

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We used expression quantitative trait locus mapping in the laboratory rat (Rattus norvegicus) to gain a broad perspective of gene regulation in the mammalian eye and to identify genetic variation relevant to human eye disease. Of >31,000 gene probes represented on an Affymetrix expression microarray, 18,976 exhibited sufficient signal for reliable analysis(More)
Remodeling of the cerebral vasculature contributes to the pathogenesis of cerebral ischemia. Remodeling is caused by increased smooth muscle proliferation and may be due to an increase in the responsiveness of vascular cells to epidermal growth factor (EGF). Aldosterone is a risk factor for stroke, and the literature suggests it may play a role in(More)
We previously reported increased aortic reactive oxygen species (ROS) production in mineralocorticoid (deoxycorticosterone acetate [DOCA]-salt) hypertensive rats. In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that NADH/NADPH oxidase is responsible for increased ROS production, namely superoxide (O(2-)), in aorta from the DOCA-salt rat. Treatment of aortic(More)
Soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH) inhibitors have been demonstrated to have cardiovascular protective actions. This hydrolase enzyme converts fatty acid epoxides to their corresponding diols, and this conversion can alter the biologic activity of these metabolites. We hypothesized that 12-(3-adamantan-1-yl-ureido)dodecanoic acid (AUDA), a sEH inhibitor, would(More)
Disturbances in the regulation of cytosolic calcium (Ca(2+)) concentration play a key role in the vascular dysfunction associated with arterial hypertension. Stromal interaction molecules (STIMs) and Orai proteins represent a novel mechanism to control store-operated Ca(2+) entry. Although STIMs act as Ca(2+) sensors for the intracellular Ca(2+) stores,(More)
Mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists protect against ischemic cerebrovascular disease; this appears to be caused by changes in cerebral vessel structure that would promote blood flow. Therefore, we hypothesized that mineralocorticoid receptor activation with deoxycorticosterone acetate would cause deleterious remodeling of the cerebral vasculature and(More)
Hypertension is a cardiovascular risk factor present in over two-thirds of people over age 60 in North America; elevated blood pressure correlates with increased risk of heart attack, stroke and progression to heart and kidney failure. Current therapies are insufficient to control blood pressure in almost half of these patients. The mineralocorticoid(More)
Indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) metabolizes L-tryptophan to L-kynurenine, promotes immunosuppression, and has been described as a consumer of superoxide. We discovered IDO expression in periaortic fat and tested the hypothesis that periarterial IDO functionally reduces agonist-induced contraction. Our model was the thoracic aorta, abdominal aorta, and(More)
The incidence of essential hypertension increases with obesity; however, the mechanisms that link obesity with hypertension are unclear. Renal cytochrome P450 (CYP)-derived eicosanoids--hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acids (HETEs), epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs), and dihydroxyeicosatrienoic acids (DHETs)--have been shown to play an important role in the(More)
In hypertension, increased peripheral resistance maintains elevated levels of arterial blood pressure. The increase in peripheral resistance results, in part, from abnormal constrictor and dilator responses and vascular remodeling. In this review, we consider four cellular signaling pathways as possible explanations for these abnormal vascular responses:(More)