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We report four patients with pandemic H1N1 2009 influenza virus and secondary bacterial infection who were treated with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) for cardiorespiratory failure. Three of the four patients had profound shock, necessitating support with venoarterial ECMO. Two patients died during ECMO support. The two survivors had prolonged(More)
The effects of graded hemorrhagic hypotension on electrocortical function was investigated in 12 cats anesthetized with alpha-chloralose. Cerebral function was assessed both in terms of spontaneous activity (EEG) and the somatosensory evoked response. No significant changes in the EEG trace or in the amplitude of the positive/negative waves of the primary(More)
Nine normal elderly subjects and 81 patients with dementia have been studied by computerised tomography (CT) and electroencephalography (EEG). There was a broad relationship between slowing of the basic frequency of the EEG and the severity of mental impairment. Localised slow-wave activity was found in 19% of those with non-vascular dementia and 72% of(More)
The influence of stimulation of the cervical sympathetic chain on the response of cerebral blood flow to hypertension induced by the intravenous infusion of angiotensin was studied in anaesthetised baboons. Cerebral blood flow was measured by the intracarotid 133Xenon injection technique. Possible lesions of the blood-brain barrier were studied by injecting(More)
The effect of intracarotid prostacyclin (PGI2) on cerebral blood flow (CBF) was measured by the 133xenon intracarotid injection technique in 8 baboons. Intracarotid prostacyclin increased CBF by 22% at 10(-7) g/kg/min and by 71% at 5 x 10(-6) g/kg/min, accompanied by systemic hypotension and tachycardia. The effects of PGI2 (10(-7) g/kg/min) were not(More)
Cranial computed tomography (CT) with modified temporal lobe technique, 0.15T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) were carried out on 30 patients with intractable temporal lobe epilepsy. Lateralising abnormalities were detected in 21/30 patients overall. Specific lesions were detected by CT in one patient(More)
The effects of phencyclidine on cerebral blood flow, cerebral metabolic rate for oxygen and carbon dioxide reactivity were compared with those of Althesin in six baboons. Under similar and stable levels (Stage 1) of electroencephalographic activity cerebral blood flow and the cerebral metabolic rate for oxygen were significantly less during the infusion of(More)
Mean arterial pressure (MAP) and cerebral blood flow were monitored in six normotensive [MAP = 99 +/- 3 mmHg (s.e.m.)] and seven baboons with renovascular hypertension (MAP = 140 +/- 5 mmHg). Arterial pressure was decreased sufficiently rapidly and for a sufficient time, as determined by the electroencephalogram (EEG), to result in ischaemic brain damage.(More)