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The exercise-induced expression of heat shock proteins (HSPs) in rodent models is relatively well defined. In contrast, comparable data from human studies are limited and the exercise-induced stress response of human skeletal muscle is far from understood. This study has characterized the time course and magnitude of the HSP response in the skeletal muscles(More)
Previous studies in animals have demonstrated that a single period of aerobic exercise induces a rise in the skeletal muscle activity of the antioxidant enzymes superoxide dismutase and catalase and an increase in the muscle content of heat shock proteins (HSPs). The purpose of this study was to examine the time course of response of human skeletal muscle(More)
Previous studies have reported that oxidizing free radical species are generated during exercise, and there has been considerable interest in the potential effects of these on exercising tissues. We hypothesized that contracting skeletal muscle was a major source of oxidizing free radical species and that untrained skeletal muscle would adapt to the(More)
Adaptations of skeletal muscle following exercise are accompanied by changes in gene expression, which can result in protection against subsequent potentially damaging exercise. One cellular signal activating these adaptations may be an increased production of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species (ROS). The aim of this study was to examine the effect of a(More)
AIM Exercise-associated hyperthermia is routinely cited as the signal responsible for inducing an increased production of heat shock proteins (HSPs) following exercise. This hypothesis, however, has not been tested in human skeletal muscle. The aim of the present study was to therefore investigate the role of increased muscle and core temperature in(More)
Intramuscular injection of hypertonic saline is a good model to study human muscle pain (Kellgren 1938). The present study concerns the intramuscular (i.m.) pain mediators in saline-induced muscle pain. In experiment 1, the diffusion of infused hypertonic and isotonic saline (0.5 ml) in m. tibialis anterior was illustrated by magnetic resonance imaging(More)
Ageing is associated with skeletal muscle atrophy, a deficit in force generation, an increased susceptibility to contraction-induced injury, and a permanent force deficit following severe injury. Muscles of young mice adapt rapidly following exercise by an increase in the production of heat shock proteins (HSPs), whereas muscles of old mice show a severely(More)
This study has characterised the time course of two major transcriptional adaptive responses to exercise (changes in antioxidant defence enzyme activity and heat shock protein (HSP) content) in muscles of adult and old male mice following isometric contractions and has examined the mechanisms involved in the age-related reduction in transcription factor(More)
The primary aim of the present study was to test the hypothesis that training with reduced carbohydrate availability from both endogenous and exogenous sources provides an enhanced stimulus for training-induced heat shock protein (HSP) adaptations of skeletal muscle. A secondary aim was to investigate the influence of reduced carbohydrate availability on(More)
Oxidative modification of cellular components may contribute to tissue dysfunction during aging. In skeletal muscle, contractile activity increases the generation of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species (ROS). The question of whether contraction-induced ROS generation is further increased in skeletal muscle of the elderly is important since this influences(More)