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BACKGROUND Viscoelastic hemostatic assays may provide means for earlier detection of trauma-induced coagulopathy (TIC). METHODS This is a prospective observational study of 182 trauma patients admitted to a Level 1 trauma center. Clinical data, thrombelastography (TEG), and rotational thromboelastometry (ROTEM) parameters were recorded upon arrival.(More)
BACKGROUND Severe injury induces an acute coagulopathy associated with increased mortality. This study compared the Thrombelastography (TEG) and biomarker profiles upon admission in trauma patients. METHODS Prospective observational study of 80 trauma patients admitted to a Level I Trauma Centre. Data on demography, biochemistry including standard(More)
BACKGROUND Identifying hypofibrinogenemia in trauma is important. The optimal method of fibrinogen determination is unknown. We therefore evaluated fibrinogen levels determined by two whole blood viscoelastic hemostatic assays, thrombelastography functional fibrinogen (FF) and rotational thromboelastometry FIBTEM in trauma patients and compared these with(More)
INTRODUCTION It is debated whether early trauma-induced coagulopathy (TIC) in severely injured patients reflects disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) with a fibrinolytic phenotype, acute coagulopathy of trauma shock (ACoTS) or yet other entities. This study investigated the prevalence of overt DIC and ACoTS in trauma patients and characterized these(More)
BACKGROUND Tissue injury increases blood levels of extracellular histones and nucleic acids, and these may influence hemostasis, promote inflammation and damage the endothelium. Trauma-induced coagulopathy (TIC) may result from an endogenous response to the injury that involves the neurohumoral, inflammatory and hemostatic systems. AIMS To study the(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this descriptive study was to correlate changes in the blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) signal with direct measurements of fetal tissue oxygenation. METHODS Seven anesthetized ewes carrying singleton fetuses at 125 days' gestation (term 145 days) underwent BOLD MRI, covering the entire fetus in(More)
OBJECTIVE Changes in blood oxygen level dependent (BOLD) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) signal are closely related to changes in fetal oxygenation. In this study, we aimed to investigate the changes in human fetal oxygenation during maternal hyperoxia by using the non-invasive BOLD MRI technique. METHOD Eight healthy pregnant women in gestational week(More)
It remains to be debated whether traumatic brain injury (TBI) induces a different coagulopathy than does non-TBI. This study investigated traditional coagulation tests, biomarkers of coagulopathy, and endothelial damage in trauma patients with and without TBI. Blood from 80 adult trauma patients was sampled (median of 68 min [IQR 48-88] post-injury) upon(More)
BACKGROUND Pharmacokinetic studies in obese patients suggest that dosing of rocuronium should be based on ideal body weight (IBW). This may, however, result in a prolonged onset time or compromised conditions for tracheal intubation. In this study, we compared onset time, conditions for tracheal intubation, and duration of action in obese patients when the(More)
BACKGROUND Hemorrhage accounts for most preventable trauma deaths, but still the optimal strategy for hemostatic resuscitation remains debated. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS This was a prospective study of adult trauma patients admitted to a Level I trauma center. Demography, Injury Severity Score (ISS), transfusion therapy, and mortality were registered.(More)