Anne-Marie Roque-Afonso

Learn More
BACKGROUND & AIMS Hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection can cause chronic hepatitis in recipients of solid organ transplants. However, the factors that contribute to chronic infection and the outcomes of these patients are incompletely understood. We performed a retrospective analysis of data from 17 centers from Europe and the United States that described the(More)
Differences in the composition of the hepatitis C virus (HCV) quasispecies between plasma and blood mononuclear cells (BMC) strongly suggest that BMCs support viral replication. We examined the frequency of such compartmentalization, the cell types involved, the constraints exerted on the different variants, and the role of immunoglobulin-complexed(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Liver donors with serological evidence of resolved hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection (HBV surface antigen (HBsAg) negative, anti-HBV core (HBc) positive) can transmit HBV infection to recipients. In the context of organ shortage, we investigated the efficacy of hepatitis B immunoglobulin (HBIG) to prevent HBV infection, and assessed the(More)
Antiviral therapy after liver transplantation (LT) using interferon (IFN) and ribavirin (RBV) can achieve a sustained virological response (SVR) rate ranging from 20% to 45%. The aims of our study were to assess efficacy and tolerability of therapy, effect on fibrosis progression and the importance of the initial fibrosis stage to outcome. A total of 113(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Hepatitis B virus (HBV) recurrence after orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) is significantly reduced by prophylaxis with hyperimmune antibody to hepatitis B surface antigen (anti-HBs) globulins (HBIG) and antiviral drugs. The role of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in HBV recurrence remains unclear. We investigated the association(More)
BACKGROUND There is no established therapy for hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection. The aim of this retrospective, multicenter case series was to assess the effects of ribavirin as monotherapy for solid-organ transplant recipients with prolonged HEV viremia. METHODS We examined the records of 59 patients who had received a solid-organ transplant (37(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Protease inhibitors (PI) with peginterferon/ribavirin have significantly improved SVR rates in HCV G1 patients. Their use to treat HCV recurrence after liver transplantation (LT) is a challenge. METHODS This cohort study included 37 liver transplant recipients (male, 92%, age 57 ± 11 years), treated with boceprevir (n=18) or telaprevir(More)
We characterized fibrosing cholestatic hepatitis (FCH) in a large cohort of HIV/HCV co-infected patients. Between 1999 and 2008, 59 HIV infected patients were transplanted for end-stage liver disease due to HCV. Eleven patients (19%) developed FCH within a mean period of 7 months [2-27] after liver transplantation (LT). At Week 1 post-LT, the mean HCV viral(More)
Fulminant hepatitis is a severe complication of hepatitis A virus infection. Its mechanism is unknown. Liver transplantation can be necessary, but spontaneous recovery is frequent. There are no data on the level of viral replication according to the clinical form of hepatitis A. We reviewed the files of 50 patients with acute hepatitis A. Nineteen patients(More)
Long-term immunoprophylaxis with hepatitis B immune globulin (HBIG) is widely accepted for the prevention of recurrent hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection after liver transplantation in HBV-infected patients without viral replication. We report long-term results of HBIG administration in 284 hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg)-positive transplant patients. In(More)