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Polar cells have been described as pairs of specific follicular cells present at each pole of Drosophila egg chambers. They are required at different stages of oogenesis for egg chamber formation and establishment of both the anteroposterior and planar polarities of the follicular epithelium. We show that definition of polar cell pairs is a progressive(More)
The fused gene encodes a serine-threonine kinase that functions as a positive regulator of Hedgehog signal transduction in Drosophila embryogenesis, wing morphogenesis, and somatic cell development during oogenesis. Here, we have characterized the germline ovarian tumors present in adult ovaries of fused mutant females, a phenotype not observed upon(More)
The potential to produce new cells during adult life depends on the number of stem cell niches and the capacity of stem cells to divide, and is therefore under the control of programs ensuring developmental homeostasis. However, it remains generally unknown how the number of stem cell niches is controlled. In the insect ovary, each germline stem cell (GSC)(More)
During development, specific cells are eliminated by apoptosis to ensure that the correct number of cells is integrated in a given tissue or structure. How the apoptosis machinery is activated selectively in vivo in the context of a developing tissue is still poorly understood. In the Drosophila ovary, specialised follicle cells [polar cells (PCs)] are(More)
The steroid hormone ecdysone influences Drosophila lifespan. Longevity is extended in mutants deficient for ecdysone synthesis or mutants of the ecdysone receptor (EcR). However, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Here we conditionally inactivated EcR by RNA interference or expression of dominant negative forms, using the RU486 inducible system. A(More)
The genome of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) encodes the canonical retroviral proteins, as well as additional accessory proteins that enhance the expression of viral genes, the infectivity of the virus and the production of virions. The accessory Viral Protein U (Vpu), in particular, enhances viral particle production, while also promoting(More)
The genetic analysis of Drosophila adult oogenesis has provided insights into the molecular mechanisms that control cell proliferation, differentiation, migration, and intercellular signaling. However, little is known about the larval and pupal cellular events leading to the formation of the highly organized adult ovary, which is composed of ovarioles each(More)
The fused gene encodes a serine/threonine kinase involved in Hedgehog signal transduction during Drosophila embryo and larval imaginal disc development. Additionally, fused mutant females exhibit reduced fecundity that we report here to be associated with defects in three aspects of egg chamber formation: encapsulation of germline cysts by prefollicular(More)
The polyhomeotic (ph) gene of Drosophila is a member of the Polycomb group (Pc-G) genes, which are required for maintenance of a repressed state of homeotic gene transcription, which stabilizes cell identity throughout development. The ph gene was recovered in the course of a gain-of-function screen aimed at identifying genes with a role during ovarian(More)
BACKGROUND Most human cancers originate from epithelial tissues and cell polarity and adhesion defects can lead to metastasis. The Polycomb-Group of chromatin factors were first characterized in Drosophila as repressors of homeotic genes during development, while studies in mammals indicate a conserved role in body plan organization, as well as an(More)