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The responses of cultured chick embryo retinal neurons to several extracellular matrix molecules are described. Retinal cell suspensions in serum-free medium containing the "N1" supplement (J. E. Bottenstein, S. D. Skaper, S. Varon, and J. Sato, 1980, Exp. Cell Res. 125, 183-190) were seeded on tissue culture plastic surfaces pretreated with polyornithine(More)
Extracellular matrix and cell surface proteoglycans are thought to play important roles in neural development and regeneration. Central nervous system proteoglycans have been isolated and characterized from rat and sheep brain and from chick neural retina. An experimental advantage offered by the latter tissue is that it is avascular and can be isolated(More)
We have previously demonstrated that the adhesion of embryonic chick sternal chondrocytes to a type II-collagen substrate is not mediated by fibronectin but rather by a distinct attachment factor which we have named chondronectin. Here we describe the isolation, properties, and biological activity of chondronectin prepared from chicken serum. Chondronectin(More)
When demineralized bone matrix powder is implanted subcutaneously in the rat, the early responses involve the appearance and proliferation of mesenchymal cells at the site of implantation, followed by cartilage and bone formation. The ability of cells to migrate to the implant suggests that chemotaxis may be a critical event in this process. Therefore,(More)
We have investigated whether proteoglycans are involved in the attachment of embryonic chick chondrocytes to type II collagen. Chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan, when added exogenously, promotes the binding of chondronectin, the chondrocyte attachment factor, to type II collagen substrates and thereby stimulates chondrocyte adhesion. Blockage of endogenous(More)
In this study, we have compared the extracellular matrix components and the in vitro adhesion characteristics of normal rat epiphysial chondrocytes with those from the Swarm rat chondrosarcoma, which has many of the biochemical characteristics of normal cartilage. With the use of immunofluorescence techniques, tissue slices and chondrocytes in culture were(More)
It is well established that many types of cells are dependent on trophic factors for their survival. We are investigating whether photoreceptor survival may also be dependent upon such a factor, as well as the possibility that the interphotoreceptor matrix (IPM), which lies between the outer retina and the RPE, may be a source of photoreceptor(More)
Proteoglycans are involved in a variety of cell-cell and cell-matrix interactions. These include cell adhesion, growth regulation and a number of developmental processes. Their involvement in such interactions may be of particular importance in retinitis pigmentosa (RP) because of the detachment and migration of retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells often(More)