Anne-Marie Gasc

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Penicillin resistance in Streptococcus pneumoniae has been attributed so far to the production of penicillin-binding protein (PBP) variants with decreased affinities for beta-lactam antibiotics. Cefotaxime-resistant laboratory mutants, selected after several steps on increasing concentrations of this beta-lactam, become deficient in transformation as well.(More)
Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis of genomic DNA was carried out on Streptococcus pneumoniae strains to determine its value in the epidemiological survey of pneumococcal infections. Twenty-one clinical strains were chosen to cover a broad range of diversity according to geographic location, penicillin susceptibility, serotype, and multilocus enzyme(More)
The use as genetic markers, during transformation of Streptococcus pneumoniae, of 19 sequences differing from wild type, located throughout the amiA locus, enabled us to examine the fate of 24 single- and 11 multiple-mismatches during recombination. Tentative mismatch ranking as a function of decreasing repair efficiency by the Hex mismatch repair system is(More)
A mutation in the ciaH gene of Streptococcus pneumoniae induces cefotaxime resistance and transformation deficiency. ciaH encodes a putative sensor protein that belongs to the family of signal-transducing histidine kinases. This gene is adjacent to ciaR, which encodes a DNA-binding protein involved in the regulation of genes responding to environmental(More)
In pneumococcal transformation the frequency of recombinants between point mutations is generally proportional to distance. We have recently described an aberrant marker in the amiA locus that appeared to enhance recombination frequency when crossed with any other allele of this gene. The hyperrecombination that we have observed in two-point crosses could(More)
Partial revertant has been isolated, with resistance to aminopretin intermediate between wild type and mutant. This phenotype is the result of a mutation at a gene unlinked to the amiA locus. This suppressor mutation (su+) has no phenotypic characteristics by itself except a slow growth. 9 amiA mutants (belonging to 6 sites) are affected by su+ out of the(More)
A physical map of the Streptococcus (Diplococcus) pneumoniae chromosome, which is circular and 2,270 kbp in circumference, has been constructed. The restriction enzymes ApaI, SmaI, and SacII were used to digest intact chromosomes, and the fragments were resolved by field inversion gel electrophoresis (FIGE). The digests produced 22, 20, and 29 fragments,(More)
Genetic transformation in Streptococcus pneumoniae involves the insertion of single-stranded pieces of donor DNA into a recipient genome. Efficiencies of transformation strongly depend on the mutations (markers) carried by donor DNA. Markers are classified according to their transforming efficiencies into very high, high, intermediate, and low efficiency.(More)
Electrotransformation is a method generally used in biotechnology to introduce recombinant DNA into a wide range of bacteria. However the mechanism of DNA entry is poorly understood. We report that in Streptococcus pneumoniae, a naturally transformable species, electrotransformation efficiently introduces a plasmid replicon. DNA is strongly restricted by(More)