Anne Marie Di Guilmi

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Streptococcus pneumoniae is a piliated pathogen whose ability to circumvent vaccination and antibiotic treatment strategies is a cause of mortality worldwide. Pili play important roles in pneumococcal infection, but little is known about their biogenesis mechanism or the relationship between components of the pilus-forming machinery, which includes the(More)
The metallo-beta-lactamases fall into two groups: Ambler class B subgroups B1 and B2 and Ambler class B subgroup B3. The two groups are so distantly related that there is no detectable sequence homology between members of the two different groups, but homology is clearly detectable at the protein structure level. The multiple structure alignment program(More)
Regulation of metal homeostasis is vital for pathogenic bacteria facing drastic metal concentration changes in various locations within the host during invasion. Metal-binding receptors (MBRs), one of the extracellular components of ATP-binding cassette transporters, have been shown to be essential in this process. Streptococcus pneumoniae expresses two(More)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is the agent of opportunistic infections in immunocompromised individuals and chronic respiratory illnesses in cystic fibrosis patients. Pseudomonas aeruginosa utilizes a type III secretion system for injection of toxins into the host cell cytoplasm through a channel on the target membrane (the 'translocon'). Here, we have(More)
The precise mechanisms by which Streptococcus pneumoniae overcomes epithelial and endothelial barriers to access underlying human tissues remain to be determined. The plasminogen system is highly important for the tissue barrier degradation which allows cell migration. Plasminogen is known to interact with pneumococci via enolase, glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate(More)
Eukaryotic-like serine/threonine-kinases are involved in the regulation of a variety of physiological processes in bacteria. In Streptococcus pneumoniae, deletion of the single serine/threonine-kinase gene stkP results in an aberrant cell morphology suggesting that StkP participates in pneumococcus cell division. To understand the function of StkP, we have(More)
Pili are fibrous virulence factors associated directly to the bacterial surface that play critical roles in adhesion and recognition of host cell receptors. The human pathogen Streptococcus pneumoniae carries a single pilus-related adhesin (RrgA) that is key for infection establishment and provides protection from bacterial challenge in animal infection(More)
RrgB is the major pilin which forms the pneumococcal pilus backbone. We report the high-resolution crystal structure of the full-length form of RrgB containing the IPQTG sorting motif. The RrgB fold is organized into four distinct domains, D1-D4, each of which is stabilized by an isopeptide bond. Crystal packing revealed a head-to-tail organization(More)
The metabolism of bacterial peptidoglycan is a dynamic process, synthases and cleavage enzymes are functionally coordinated. Lytic Transglycosylase enzymes (LT) are part of multienzyme complexes which regulate bacterial division and elongation. LTs are also involved in peptidoglycan turnover and in macromolecular transport systems. Despite their central(More)
The bacterial peptidoglycan consists of glycan chains of repeating beta-1,4-linked N-acetylglucosaminyl-N-acetylmuramyl units cross-linked through short peptide chains. The polymerization of the glycans, or glycosyltransfer (GT), and transpeptidation (TP) are catalyzed by bifunctional penicillin-binding proteins (PBPs). The beta-lactam antibiotics inhibit(More)