Anne M. Johansen

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Atmospheric inputs of iron to the open ocean are hypothesized to modulate ocean biogeochemistry. This review presents an integration of available observations of atmospheric iron and iron deposition, and also covers bioavailable iron distributions. Methods for estimating temporal variability in ocean deposition over the recent past are reviewed. Desert dust(More)
A large, population-based case-control study of facial clefts was carried out in Norway between 1996 and 2001. The study included 573 cases -- 377 with cleft lip with or without cleft palate and 196 with cleft palate only -- and 763 randomly selected controls. Maternal consumption of coffee and other caffeine-containing beverages in early pregnancy was(More)
A population-based case-control study was carried out in Norway between 1996 and 2001. The aim was to evaluate the association between maternal intake of vitamin A from diet and supplements and risk of having a baby with an orofacial cleft. Data on maternal dietary intake were available from 535 cases (188 with cleft palate only and 347 with cleft lip with(More)
The quality of wines can be assessed both from chemical/biological tests and sensory tests (which rely mainly on human experts). Determining which is the subset of tests to be used is a difficult problem. Each test has its own contribution for predicting the quality of wines and, in addition, its own cost. We use our own database, consisting of 32 wine(More)
Mineral aerosol deposition is recognized as the dominant source 4 of iron to the open ocean and the solubility of iron in the dust aerosol is highly 5 variable, with measurements ranging from 0.01-80%. Global models have dif-6 ficulty capturing the observed variations in solubility, and have ignored the 7 solubility dependence on aerosol size. We introduce(More)
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