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We recently characterized three FGF-binding proteins (FGF-BPs) which are soluble forms of the extracellular domains of the high affinity FGF receptors (Hanneken, A. M., W. Ying, N. Ling, and A. Baird. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA. 1994. 91:9170-9174). These proteins circulate in blood and have been proposed to modulate the biological activity of the FGF(More)
PURPOSE To determine whether specific dietary and synthetic flavonoids can protect human retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells from oxidative-stress-induced death. METHODS The efficacy and potency were determined of a variety of dietary and synthetic flavonoids on the survival of human ARPE-19 cells and primary human RPE cells treated with either(More)
Four consecutive patients with carotid-cavernous sinus fistulas that could not be treated by the standard techniques of endoarterial balloon occlusion or embolization were successfully treated by advancement of a detachable balloon catheter through the ipsilateral superior ophthalmic vein. Under angiographic monitoring, the balloon was passed into the(More)
Basic fibroblast growth factor (FGF) is a potent endothelial cell mitogen that has been proposed to play a role in proliferative diabetic retinopathy and other neovascular processes. Our understanding of the in vivo role of basic FGF in the pathogenesis of these disorders is limited. We studied the immunolocalization of basic FGF in 16 clinical cases of(More)
PURPOSE Fibroblast growth factor-binding proteins (FGF-BPs) have been identified recently in blood and other biologic fluids and have been shown to be identical to a truncated form of the high-affinity cell surface FGF receptor. The authors examined the hypothesis that FGF-BPs also are present in human vitreous fluid. METHODS Vitreous fluid obtained from(More)
Vision loss progressing over several days, reduced pupil reactions to light, and swollen optic nerves were the clinical features in six patients with severe renal disease manifested by uremia, anemia, and (in four patients) moderately or severely elevated blood pressure. In two patients pale edema of the optic nerve head extended into the macula. One(More)
The basic fibroblast growth factor (FGF) is a potent mitogen that has vascular endothelium as one of its principle target cells. Recent work has provided both the complete amino acid sequence of basic FGF and the nucleotide sequence of the genes for both human and bovine basic FGF. Although capillary endothelial cells have been shown to produce basic FGF in(More)
OBJECTIVE The authors performed a study to determine the effectiveness and safety of silicone oil as a substitute for gas to fill the vitreous cavity to treat macular holes. DESIGN Multicenter, nonrandomized, interventional trial. PARTICIPANTS Thirty-seven consecutive patients chose vitrectomy with silicone tamponade instead of gas to treat 40 eyes with(More)
Choroidopathy in association with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a clinically unusual manifestation, previously described in only six patients, to our knowledge. We have followed up six patients with SLE and choroidopathy manifested by multifocal, serous elevations of the retinal pigment epithelium and sensory retina. In four patients, macular(More)