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We recently characterized three FGF-binding proteins (FGF-BPs) which are soluble forms of the extracellular domains of the high affinity FGF receptors (Hanneken, A. M., W. Ying, N. Ling, and A. Baird. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA. 1994. 91:9170-9174). These proteins circulate in blood and have been proposed to modulate the biological activity of the FGF(More)
PURPOSE Fibroblast growth factor-binding proteins (FGF-BPs) have been identified recently in blood and other biologic fluids and have been shown to be identical to a truncated form of the high-affinity cell surface FGF receptor. The authors examined the hypothesis that FGF-BPs also are present in human vitreous fluid. METHODS Vitreous fluid obtained from(More)
PURPOSE To characterize the molecular basis of oxidative stress-induced death, a process that has been implicated in several chronic eye diseases, in RGC-5 cells, an immortalized retinal ganglion cell (RGC) line. METHODS The responses of RGC-5 cells to oxidative stress induced by three different treatments--glutathione depletion, tert-butyl peroxide(More)
PURPOSE To determine whether specific dietary and synthetic flavonoids can protect human retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells from oxidative-stress-induced death. METHODS The efficacy and potency were determined of a variety of dietary and synthetic flavonoids on the survival of human ARPE-19 cells and primary human RPE cells treated with either(More)
PURPOSE Mounting evidence suggests that oxidative stress contributes to the pathogenesis of many ocular diseases, including glaucoma and diabetic retinopathy. No treatments are available to prevent the neuronal degeneration that occurs in these disorders. The purpose of this study was to determine whether flavonoids, natural products that are abundant in(More)
PURPOSE Eriodictyol, a flavonoid found in citrus fruits, is among the most potent compounds reported to protect human RPE cells from oxidative stress-induced cell death. The present study sought to determine whether eriodictyol-induced phase 2 protein expression further enhances the resistance of human ARPE-19 cells to oxidative stress. METHODS The(More)
A soluble protein which binds basic fibroblast growth factor (FGF-2) has been detected in cerebral spinal fluid from normal individuals and patients with Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease. This 70-85 kDa protein is recognized by an antibody to the extracellular domain of the high affinity FGF receptor and is not detected by an antibody to the(More)
PURPOSE The accumulation of lipofuscin in the RPE is a hallmark of aging in the eye. The best characterized component of lipofuscin is A2E, a bis-retinoid byproduct of the normal retinoid visual cycle, which exhibits a broad spectrum of cytotoxic effects in vitro. The purpose of our study was to correlate the distribution of lipofuscin and A2E across the(More)
PURPOSE Visual hallucinations (VHs) occur in macular degeneration patients with poor vision but normal cognitive function. The underlying mechanisms are poorly understood. We report the identification of pharmaceutical agents that enhance VH and use these agents to examine the contribution of retinal neurons to this syndrome. METHODS We detail clinical(More)
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