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BACKGROUND Evidence suggests that physiologic pacing (dual-chamber or atrial) may be superior to single-chamber (ventricular) pacing because it is associated with lower risks of atrial fibrillation, stroke, and death. These benefits have not been evaluated in a large, randomized, controlled trial. METHODS At 32 Canadian centers, patients without chronic(More)
Implantable Electronic Devices (CIEDs): Description of Techniques, Indications, Personnel, Frequency and Ethical Considerations Developed in partnership with the Heart Rhythm Society (HRS) and the European Heart Rhythm Association (EHRA); and in collaboration with the American College of Cardiology (ACC), the American Heart Association (AHA), the European(More)
The influence of pH on the myocardial disposition of propafenone was studied in isolated perfused rabbit hearts. Five pH groups were evaluated: pH 7.0, 7.2, 7.4, 7.6, and 7.8. Hearts were perfused with a modified Krebs-Henseleit buffer containing approximately 100 ng/ml propafenone. Myocardial propafenone accumulation was determined from differences in the(More)
OBJECTIVES This study sought to determine whether combined assessment of autonomic tone plus cardiac electrical substrate identifies most patients at risk of serious events after myocardial infarction (MI) and to compare assessment at 2 to 4 weeks versus 10 to 14 weeks after MI. BACKGROUND Methods to identify most patients at risk of serious events after(More)
The density of potassium channels, including the inward rectifying current (IK1), the delayed rectifying current and the transient outward current have been reported to be decreased in cardiac hypertrophy. However, it is not known whether the effects of specific ionic channel blockers are altered in this setting. The effects of barium chloride, which(More)
The 12.6-kDa FK506-binding protein (FKBP12.6) is considered to be a key regulator of the cardiac ryanodine receptor (RyR2), but its precise role in RyR2 function is complex and controversial. In the present study we investigated the impact of FKBP12.6 removal on the properties of the RyR2 channel and the propensity for spontaneous Ca(2+) release and the(More)
BACKGROUND Body surface maps of net QRST deflection areas (isointegrals) reflect regional ventricular repolarization properties. Vulnerability to ventricular tachyarrhythmias is associated with maps that feature multiple islands (extrema) of positive and negative values; such maps reflect regional disparity of ventricular recovery properties. The value of(More)
This study tested the hypothesis that combination ion channel blockers of the transient outward current (I(to)) and the rapid component of the delayed rectifying current (I(Kr)) would produce greater prolongation of the ventricular action potential duration (APD) and increased dispersion of the APD in hypertrophied hearts compared with control hearts.(More)
The goals of atrial fibrillation (AF) and atrial flutter (AFL) arrhythmia management are to alleviate patient symptoms, improve patient quality of life, and minimize the morbidity associated with AF and AFL. Arrhythmia management usually commences with drugs to slow the ventricular rate. The addition of class I or class III antiarrhythmic drugs for(More)
The Canadian Cardiovascular Society (CCS) published the complete set of 2010 Atrial Fibrillation (AF) Guidelines in the January, 2011 issue of the Canadian Journal of Cardiology. During its deliberations, the CCS Guidelines Committee engaged to a timely review of future evidence, with periodic composition of focused updates to address clinically important(More)