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Linkage of IBD to the pericentromeric region of chromosome 16 has been widely confirmed by analyses of multiple populations. The NOD2 gene is located in the peak region of linkage on chromosome 16 and thought to be involved in the activation of nuclear factor (NF) kappaB in response to bacterial components. Mutations in the NOD2 gene are found to be(More)
Medical records and radiographs of 103 adults with primary tuberculosis were reviewed. The shift toward delayed presentation appears to be related to decreasing childhood exposure and an increasing number of compromised hosts. Compared with classic "childhood" tuberculosis, there is a higher incidence of lower-lobe disease, but infiltrates also commonly(More)
The molecular circadian clock entrains biological rhythms to a 24-hour schedule. Aspects of cardiovascular physiology and, indeed, the incidence of myocardial infarction and stroke are also subject to diurnal variation. The use of rodent models of disrupted clock function has begun to elucidate the role of the molecular clock in the pathophysiology of(More)
Rhythmic gene expression is central to the circadian control of physiology in mammals. Transcriptional activation of Per and Cry genes by heterodimeric bHLH-PAS proteins is a key event in the feedback loop that drives rhythmicity; however, the mechanism is not clearly understood. Here we show the transcriptional coactivators and histone acetyltransferases,(More)
The diurnal variation in the incidence of myocardial infarction and stroke may reflect an influence of the molecular clock and/or the time dependence of exposure to environmental stress. The circadian variation in blood pressure and heart rate is disrupted in mice, Bmal1(-/-), Clock(mut), and Npas2(mut), in which core clock genes are deleted or mutated.(More)
Macrophages activated by the TLR4 agonist LPS undergo dramatic changes in their metabolic activity. We here show that LPS induces expression of the key metabolic regulator Pyruvate Kinase M2 (PKM2). Activation of PKM2 using two well-characterized small molecules, DASA-58 and TEPP-46, inhibited LPS-induced Hif-1α and IL-1β, as well as the expression of a(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the role of body computed tomography (CT) for the staging of patients with early melanoma. PATIENTS AND METHODS A total of 151 new patients with American Joint Committee (AJC) clinical stage I, II, and III melanoma who received a CT scan of at least the chest and abdomen are the subject of this study. CT scans considered suspicious for(More)
Immune parameters change with time of day and disruption of circadian rhythms has been linked to inflammatory pathologies. A circadian-clock-controlled immune system might allow an organism to anticipate daily changes in activity and feeding and the associated risk of infection or tissue damage to the host. Responses to bacteria have been shown to vary(More)
UNLABELLED Oscillations in mRNA and protein of circadian clock components can be continuously monitored in vitro using synchronized cell lines. These rhythms can be highly variable due to culture conditions and are non-stationary due to baseline trends, damping and drift in period length. We present a technique for characterizing the modal frequencies of(More)