Anne M Cruickshank

Learn More
There have been recent reports of hospitalised patients developing clinical thiamine deficiency, combined with much debate on the optimal supplementation of thiamine for the parenterally fed patient, particularly in the intensive therapy environment. We performed a retrospective study on 158 patients admitted to the Intensive Care Unit who required(More)
A number of laboratory and clinical studies have shown that interleukin-6 is the principal mediator of the acute phase protein response. In this study the relationship between serum concentrations of interleukin-6 and C-reactive protein in acute pancreatitis are examined and the ability of interleukin-6 to discriminate between severe and mild attacks is(More)
It has been suggested that, as part of the inflammatory response to the presence of a tumor, various cytokines are produced and these induce hepatic synthesis of acute-phase proteins (APP). Under these circumstances it is not known what changes occur in the fixed component of hepatic protein synthesis. The aim of this study was to compare circulating(More)
1. Recent studies have suggested that interleukin-6 is a major mediator of the acute-phase protein response in man. The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationships between the response of serum interleukin-6 to surgery, the type of surgical procedure performed and the response of serum C-reactive protein. 2. Timed venous blood samples were(More)
It is crucially important to detect subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) in all patients in whom it has occurred to select patients for angiography and preventative surgery. A computerized tomography (CT) scan is positive in up to 98% of patients with SAH presenting within 12 h, but is positive in only 50% of those presenting within one week. Cerebrospinal fluid(More)
1. Rats established on a normal (20% protein) diet or a protein-deficient (3% protein) diet were given either a subcutaneous injection of turpentine (5 ml/kg), which induces formation of aseptic abscesses, or saline. Plasma samples were obtained at timed intervals (0-14 days) after the injection for determination of albumin, total protein, alpha(More)
Alcoholic ketoacidosis (AKA) is a common reason for investigation and admission of alcohol dependent patients in UK emergency departments. Although well described in international emergency medicine literature, UK emergency physicians rarely make the diagnosis of AKA. There is increasing evidence that rather than being benign and self limiting, AKA may be a(More)
After subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH), cerebral angiography is usually performed to establish a site of bleeding, which may then be treated surgically to prevent a potentially catastrophic re-bleed. The investigation of choice in the diagnosis of SAH is computerised tomography (CT). However, because CT can miss some patients with SAH, cerebrospinal fluid(More)
The aim of this study was to assess the effect of nutritional status on the acute phase protein response to elective surgery. Matched pairs of patients with gastric or colorectal cancer were studied. Undernourished patients (body-weight less than 80 per cent of ideal and triceps skinfold thickness less than 65 per cent of standard) were matched with(More)