Anne Lomascolo

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AIMS Laccase production by the monokaryotic strain Pycnoporus cinnabarinus ss3 was studied using ethanol as inducer in the culture medium. METHODS AND RESULTS The effect of ethanol was tested at 10, 20, 30, 35 and 45 g l-1 and compared with that of ferulic acid, known until now as the most efficient inducer for laccase expression by P. cinnabarinus ss3.(More)
AIMS Exploitation of natural biodiversity in species Pycnoporus coccineus and Pycnoporus sanguineus to screen for a new generation of laccases with properties suitable for the lignin-processing sector. METHODS AND RESULTS Thirty strains originating from subtropical and tropical environments, mainly isolated from fresh specimens collected in situ, were(More)
Tyrosinases are type-3 copper proteins involved in the initial step of melanin synthesis. These enzymes catalyse both the o-hydroxylation of monophenols and the subsequent oxidation of the resulting o-diphenols into reactive o-quinones, which evolve spontaneously to produce intermediates, which associate in dark brown pigments. In fungi, tyrosinases are(More)
The genus Pycnoporus forms a cosmopolitan group of four species belonging to the polyporoid white-rot fungi, the most representative group of homobasidiomycetes causing wood decay. Pycnoporus fungi are listed as food- and cosmetic-grade microorganisms and emerged in the early 1990s as a genus whose biochemistry, biodegradation and biotechnological(More)
A new tyrosinase-encoding gene (2,204 bp) and the corresponding cDNA (1,857 nucleotides) from the white-rot fungus Pycnoporus sanguineus BRFM49 were cloned. This gene consisted of seven exons and six introns and encoded a predicted protein of 68 kDa, exceeding the mature tyrosinase by 23 kDa. P. sanguineus tyrosinase cDNA was over-expressed in Aspergillus(More)
Enzymatic crosslinking provides valuable means for modifying functionality and structural properties of different polymers. Tyrosinases catalyze the hydroxylation of various monophenols to the corresponding o-diphenols, and the subsequent oxidation of o-diphenols to the corresponding quinones, which are highly reactive and can further undergo non-enzymatic(More)
Rapeseed and sunflower are two of the world’s major oilseeds. Rapeseed and sunflower meal (RSM and SFM), the by-products of oil extraction, are produced in large quantities. They are mainly composed of proteins, lignocellulosic fibres and minerals. They were initially used as a protein complement in animal feed rations and sometimes as fertilizer or as(More)
AIMS Tyrosinase production by Pycnoporus cinnabarinus and Pycnoporus sanguineus was screened among 20 strains originating from various geographical areas, particularly from tropical environments. The tyrosinase from the most efficient strain was purified and characterized and tested for food additive applications. METHODS AND RESULTS Monophenolase and(More)
An efficient transformation and expression system was developed for the industrially relevant basidiomycete Pycnoporus cinnabarinus. This was used to transform a laccase-deficient monokaryotic strain with the homologous lac1 laccase gene placed under the regulation of its own promoter or that of the SC3 hydrophobin gene or the glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate(More)
We propose a new process using a vapor phase bioreactor (VPB) to simultaneously (i) delignify sugar-cane bagasse, a residue of sugar production that can be recycled in paper industry, and (ii) produce laccase, an enzyme usable to bleach paper pulp. Ethanol vapor, used as laccase inducer, was blown up through a VPB packed with bagasse and inoculated with(More)