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AIMS Exploitation of natural biodiversity in species Pycnoporus coccineus and Pycnoporus sanguineus to screen for a new generation of laccases with properties suitable for the lignin-processing sector. METHODS AND RESULTS Thirty strains originating from subtropical and tropical environments, mainly isolated from fresh specimens collected in situ, were(More)
The genus Pycnoporus forms a cosmopolitan group of four species belonging to the polyporoid white-rot fungi, the most representative group of homobasidiomycetes causing wood decay. Pycnoporus fungi are listed as food- and cosmetic-grade microorganisms and emerged in the early 1990s as a genus whose biochemistry, biodegradation and biotechnological(More)
The aim of this study was to assess potential candidate gene regions and corresponding universal primer pairs as secondary DNA barcodes for the fungal kingdom, additional to ITS rDNA as primary barcode. Amplification efficiencies of 14 (partially) universal primer pairs targeting eight genetic markers were tested across > 1 500 species (1 931 strains or(More)
Tyrosinases are type-3 copper proteins involved in the initial step of melanin synthesis. These enzymes catalyse both the o-hydroxylation of monophenols and the subsequent oxidation of the resulting o-diphenols into reactive o-quinones, which evolve spontaneously to produce intermediates, which associate in dark brown pigments. In fungi, tyrosinases are(More)
The Lavandula genus, which includes lavender (Lavandula angustifolia) and lavandin (L. angustifolia × Lavandula latifolia), is cultivated worldwide for its essential oils, which find applications in perfumes, cosmetics, food processing and, more recently, in aromatherapy products. The chemical composition of lavender and lavandin essential oils, usually(More)
Enzymatic crosslinking provides valuable means for modifying functionality and structural properties of different polymers. Tyrosinases catalyze the hydroxylation of various monophenols to the corresponding o-diphenols, and the subsequent oxidation of o-diphenols to the corresponding quinones, which are highly reactive and can further undergo non-enzymatic(More)
Rapeseed and sunflower are two of the world’s major oilseeds. Rapeseed and sunflower meal (RSM and SFM), the by-products of oil extraction, are produced in large quantities. They are mainly composed of proteins, lignocellulosic fibres and minerals. They were initially used as a protein complement in animal feed rations and sometimes as fertilizer or as(More)
AIMS Tyrosinase production by Pycnoporus cinnabarinus and Pycnoporus sanguineus was screened among 20 strains originating from various geographical areas, particularly from tropical environments. The tyrosinase from the most efficient strain was purified and characterized and tested for food additive applications. METHODS AND RESULTS Monophenolase and(More)
AIMS Laccase production by the monokaryotic strain Pycnoporus cinnabarinus ss3 was studied using ethanol as inducer in the culture medium. METHODS AND RESULTS The effect of ethanol was tested at 10, 20, 30, 35 and 45 g l-1 and compared with that of ferulic acid, known until now as the most efficient inducer for laccase expression by P. cinnabarinus ss3.(More)
An efficient transformation and expression system was developed for the industrially relevant basidiomycete Pycnoporus cinnabarinus. This was used to transform a laccase-deficient monokaryotic strain with the homologous lac1 laccase gene placed under the regulation of its own promoter or that of the SC3 hydrophobin gene or the glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate(More)