Anne Lehtokoski

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There is considerable debate about whether the early processing of sounds depends on whether they form part of speech. Proponents of such speech specificity postulate the existence of language-dependent memory traces, which are activated in the processing of speech but not when equally complex, acoustic non-speech stimuli are processed. Here we report the(More)
ronal transport at non-saturating substrate concentrations. We also characterized EMT with 3H-MPP+ as its substrate, which is superior to endogenous amines for in vitro studies of the extraneuronal transporter8. Transport of MPP+ was sensitive to various structurally unrelated inhibitors of the extraneuronal monoamine transporter (Fig. 2c). The isocyanine(More)
Learning to speak a new language requires the formation of recognition patterns for the speech sounds specific to the newly acquired language. The present study demonstrates the dynamic nature of cortical memory representations for phonemes in adults by using the mismatch negativity (MMN) event-related potential. We studied Hungarian and Finnish subjects,(More)
In the first experiment, somatosensory event-related potentials (SERPs) were recorded to tactile pulses and vibration bursts applied to the left middle finger in trains of 4-8 stimuli with 1 s intervals. In addition to the negative N140 deflection, also the positive P50, P100 and P300 waves attenuated in amplitude with stimulus repetition. These decreases(More)
Event-related brain potentials (ERP) were recorded to infrequent changes of a synthesized vowel (standard) to another vowel (deviant) in speakers of Hungarian and Finnish language, which are remotely related to each other with rather similar vowel systems. Both language groups were presented with identical stimuli. One standard-deviant pair represented an(More)
It is commonly believed that sensory deprivation can lead to cross-modal reorganization in an immature but not in a mature brain. The results of the present study suggest, however, that plasticity between sensory modalities is possible even in adults: activity indicating involvement of parietal or occipital brain areas in pitch-change discrimination was(More)
Event-related magnetoencephalographic (MEG) responses to infrequently presented spoken deviant syllables [di] and [ba] among repetitive standard [da)]syllables were recorded in subjects who either attended to these stimuli in order to discriminate the [ba] syllables or ignored them while attending a silent movie. In both conditions, the deviant syllables(More)
The amplitude and latency of the mismatch negativity (MMN) elicited by occasional shorter-duration tones (25 and 50 ms) in a sequence of 75 ms standard tones were studied in 40 healthy subjects (9-84 years). The replicability and age dependence of the MMN-responses were determined. The 25 ms deviant tone evoked a clear response in 39 of the subjects, while(More)
The acute effect of a low dose of ethanol (0.5 g/kg) on attention and auditory event-related potentials (ERPs) was investigated in 10 social drinkers using a single-blind, placebo-controlled cross-over design. A dichotic listening task, in which the subjects were instructed to attend selectively to stimuli to one ear while ignoring stimuli to the other, was(More)
OBJECTIVES The test-retest reliabilities of the mismatch negativity (MMN) elicited by deviances in sound duration, frequency, and intensity were compared. METHODS The MMN was recorded with a 64-channel electroencephalograph (EEG) from 15 healthy adult subjects in two sessions over intervals of 1-27 days. During the recordings, subjects watched a silent(More)