Anne Lefebvre

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HLA typing, demographic and immunological risk factors for nevirapine and efavirenz reactions were studied in a French cohort of HIV patients. Cases with isolated rash were significantly associated with HLA-DRB101 allele. No liver toxicity was observed and no association was detected with the percentage of CD4 T-cells. This study suggests that HLA-DRB101(More)
Summary:Exacerbation of prior pulmonary involvement may occur during neutropenia recovery. Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF)-related pulmonary toxicity has been documented in cancer patients, and experimental models suggest a role for G-CSF in acute lung injury during neutropenia recovery. We reviewed 20 cases of noncardiac acute respiratory(More)
Exacerbations of COPD are common and cause a considerable burden to the patient and the healthcare system. To optimize the hospital care of patients with exacerbations of COPD, clinicians should be aware of some key points: management of exacerbations is broadly based on clinical features and severity. Initial clinical evaluation is crucial to define those(More)
Acute respiratory failure and infectious pneumonia are the major causes of death during induction chemotherapy of acute leukemia. However, the causes, incidence and prognostic value of all respiratory events (REs) occurring in this context have never been assessed prospectively. We recruited 65 consecutive patients with newly diagnosed acute leukemia into a(More)
In patients with hematological malignancy (HM) developing acute respiratory failure (ARF) bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) is considered as a major diagnostic tool. However, the benefit/risk ratio of this invasive procedure is probably lower in the subset of patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). The study was to analyze the yield of BAL performed in HM(More)
We describe a man with allogeneic BMT who developed Dipodascus capitatus (anamorph Geotrichum capitatum) spondylodiscitis. Relapse of the bone and joint lesions remained culture negative and paralleled the immune restitution, suggesting an immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS). A 48-year-old patient was diagnosed with AML. During induction(More)
To investigate an eventual role of acidosis on hemodialysis osteodystrophy we prospectively studied 21 patients who were dialyzed with different amounts of bicarbonate in the dialysate for 18 months. According to the level of bone formation rate (BFR) on a prestudy bone biopsy, patients were split in two subgroups. Inside these two subgroups patients were(More)
Differences among measurement of cortical and trabecular bone aluminum (AI) have been observed. Furthermore, its relationship to bone histology has been variable. In order to clarify these points, we have evaluated measurements of bone AI in relation to the source of AI and bone lesion in 25 hemodialysis patients. All patients were dialyzed in the same unit(More)
Legionella pneumonia is frequently reported in immunocompromised patients. The most important predisposing factor is a quantitative and qualitative defect of the monocytic-macrophagic system. We report a case of Legionella pneumophila in a 43-year-old man revealing hairy cell leukemia. The patient presented with community-acquired pneumonia resistant to(More)