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Genome segments 2, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9, and 10 of bluetongue virus (BTV) serotype 10 were cloned in pBR322. The 2926-bp S2 gene, which codes for the serotype-specific antigen, was cloned as two overlapping 2.4-kb inserts. The relatedness of cognate S2 genes among different isolates of BTV10 was investigated by hybridization, restriction enzyme mapping, and(More)
An efficient gene delivery system is a prerequisite for myocardial gene therapy. Among the various procedures studied so far, catheter-based percutaneous gene delivery to the myocardium through the coronary vessels seems the most relevant to routine clinical practice; however, the optimal conditions remain to be determined. We selectively infused adenoviral(More)
OBJECTIVES The expression of gax, an anti-proliferative homeobox gene, is rapidly downregulated in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) following arterial injury. Here we performed percutaneous adenovirus-mediated gene transfer into the iliac arteries of normal rabbits using a channel balloon catheter to assess the effects of gax overexpression on neointima(More)
Adenovirus-mediated gene delivery in animal models of vascular injury has provided insights into the mechanisms underlying vessel wall pathologies. We have previously demonstrated that overexpression of the Gax transcription factor inhibits neointimal formation in rat and rabbit models of arterial injury. Here, we evaluate potential mechanisms for the(More)
The herpes simplex virus thymidine kinase gene was transferred into C6 glioma cells by infection with a recombinant adenovirus. In vitro, a 10 microM ganciclovir concentration was able to kill 100% of the infected cells. For in vivo experiments, brain tumors were established by stereotactic injection of C6 glioma cells in the caudate nucleus of rats. Five(More)
The Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) nuclear antigen 2 (EBNA-2) has been shown to transactivate both cellular and viral gene promoters including the promoter for the viral terminal protein 1 gene (TP-1). We investigated whether three other EBV nuclear antigens EBNA-3A, -3B, and -3C (which themselves share a degree of primary sequence homology) could also play a(More)
BACKGROUND Gene delivery of the thymidine kinase (tk) gene combined with ganciclovir (GCV) limits intimal hyperplasia after abrasion of normal arteries. However, the low efficiency of adenoviral-mediated gene transfer to atherosclerotic arteries has raised concerns about the applicability of this strategy to the prevention of restenosis. METHODS AND(More)
Homeobox transcription factors specify body plan by regulating differentiation, proliferation, and migration at a cellular level. The homeobox transcription factor Gax is expressed in quiescent vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs), and its expression is downregulated by vascular injury or other conditions that lead to VSMC proliferation. Previous(More)
A two-step gene replacement procedure was developed that generates infectious adenoviral genomes through homologous recombination in Escherichia coli. As a prerequisite, a human adenovirus serotype 5 (Ad5)-derived genome was first introduced as a PacI restriction fragment into an incP-derived replicon which, in contrast to ColE1-derivatives (e.g., pBR322 or(More)