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OBJECTIVE To evaluate the utility of urinary 3-hydroxybenzo[a]pyrene (3-OH-B[a]P) as a biomarker of exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in various environmental exposure scenarios alongside the more usually studied 1-hydroxypyrene (1-OH-Pyr). METHODS Two groups of 15 and 10 non smoking, healthy men and women, were exposed for approximately(More)
Biomathematical modeling has become an important tool to assess xenobiotic exposure in humans. In the present study, we have used a human physiologically-based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) model and an simple compartmental toxicokinetic model of benzo(a)pyrene (BaP) kinetics and its 3-hydroxybenzo(a)pyrene (3-OHBaP) metabolite to reproduce the time-course of this(More)
The toxicokinetics of benzo(a)pyrene (BaP) and 3-hydroxybenzo(a)pyrene (3-OHBaP) were assessed in 36 male Sprague-Dawley rats injected intravenously with 40 micromol kg(1) of BaP to explain the reported atypical urinary excretion profile of 3-OHBaP. Blood, liver, kidney, lung, adipose tissue, skin, urine and feces were collected at t = 2, 4, 8, 16, 24, 33,(More)
Biomarkers of exposure and effect were assessed in 40 male Sprague-Dawley rats injected intravenously with 40 micromol/kg of benzo(a)pyrene (BaP) to determine which biomarkers are more representative of BaP-induced DNA damage in lung. Lung, liver, blood, and urine were collected at t = 2, 4, 8, 16, 24, 33, 48, 72, and 360 h postdosing. Specific BaP-diol(More)
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcs aureus (MRSA) nasal carriage was assessed among healthcare workers caring for elderly patients in contact precautions in geriatric departments. Monthly incidence ranged from 0% to 3.3%. Carriage was observed only among nurses and nursing assistants. MRSA was thus infrequently acquired using precautions and carriage was(More)
The recent development of ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) monitoring techniques has improved recording of blood pressure in therapeutic trials and in the clinical setting. The application of ABP differs according to which of these 2 applications is being considered. In therapeutic trials, a placebo control is required. The large quantity of precise data(More)
Airborne bioaerosols and Microbial Volatile Organic Compounds (MVOC) concentrations were simultaneously monitored at a composting facility and the main determinants of atmospheric concentrations were characterised, in order to help protect workers from potential adverse health effects. Microorganisms and MVOC were sampled during various process stages and(More)
OBJECTIVE To analyze occupational and non-occupational exposure factors suspected of being associated with scleroderma (SSc), with a view to inculpating or excluding certain potentially toxic substances (e.g., solvents), thereby contributing to the recognition of such toxins in the field of occupational health. METHODS The study comprised 10 men and 83(More)
The occupational exposure of 19 men to hexamethylene diisocyanate (HDI) vapour was monitored during one 8-h shift. It ranged from 0.30 to 97.7 micrograms/m3. This was compared with the urinary output of hexane diamine (HDA) liberated by acid hydrolysis from its conjugates in post-shift samples. The excretion varied from 1.36 to 27.7 micrograms g creatinine,(More)
To analyze the health disparities relative to the prevalence of arterial hypertension and its therapeutic control in the active French population, in relation to occupational categories (OC), a population of 17 359 men and 12 267 women was assessed from January 1997 to April 1998. The initial phase was a cross-sectional analysis of a cohort study designed(More)