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Distal limb contractures (DLC) represent a heterogeneous clinical and genetic condition. Overall, 20-25% of the DLC are caused by mutations in genes encoding the muscle contractile apparatus. Large interstitial deletions of the 3p have already been diagnosed by standard chromosomal analysis, but not associated with a specific phenotype. We report on four(More)
BACKGROUND DYRK1A plays different functions during development, with an important role in controlling brain growth through neuronal proliferation and neurogenesis. It is expressed in a gene dosage dependent manner since dyrk1a haploinsufficiency induces a reduced brain size in mice, and DYRK1A overexpression is the candidate gene for intellectual disability(More)
Semaphorins are a large family of secreted and membrane-associated proteins necessary for wiring of the brain. Semaphorin 5A (SEMA5A) acts as a bifunctional guidance cue, exerting both attractive and inhibitory effects on developing axons. Previous studies have suggested that SEMA5A could be a susceptibility gene for autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). We(More)
BACKGROUND Non-progressive congenital ataxias (NPCA) with or without intellectual disability (ID) are clinically and genetically heterogeneous conditions. As a consequence, the identification of the genes responsible for these phenotypes remained limited. OBJECTIVE Identification of a new gene responsible for NPCA and ID. Methods Following the discovery(More)
BACKGROUND Since the advent of array-CGH, numerous new microdeletional syndromes have been delineated while others remain to be described. Although 3q29 subtelomeric deletion is a well-described syndrome, there is no report on 3q interstitial deletions. METHODS We report for the first time seven patients with interstitial deletions at the 3q27.3q28 locus(More)
We report the case of a 26-month-old boy with mental retardation, facial dysmorphism, childhood feeding difficulties, short stature, bilateral cryptorchidism, micropenis, and heart defect. Endocrinal evaluation revealed complete growth hormone deficiency (GHD) and gonadotropic deficiency, and pituitary magnetic resonance imaging showed partial pituitary(More)
Most microdeletion syndromes identified before the implementation of array-comparative genomic hybridization (array-CGH) were presumed to be well-defined clinical entities. However, the introduction of whole-genome screening led not only to the description of new syndromes but also to the recognition of a broader spectrum of features for well-known(More)
Xq28 duplications encompassing MECP2 have been described in male patients with a severe neurodevelopmental disorder associated with hypotonia and spasticity, severe learning disability, stereotyped movements, and recurrent pulmonary infections. We report on standardized brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data of 30 affected patients carrying an Xq28(More)
Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is characterized by hypotonia, delayed neuropsychomotor development, overeating, obesity and mental deficiency. This phenotype is encountered in other conditions, defining Prader-Willi-like syndrome (PWLS). We report a 14-year-old boy with a complex small supernumerary marker chromosome (sSMC) associated with PWLS. The propositus(More)