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Angiotensin-II (Ang II) stimulates gene expression and cell growth in several cell types. Studies that have shown localization of Ang II to nuclei of myocytes and hepatic nuclear Ang II binding suggest that these actions may be mediated by nuclear receptors. We characterized Ang II binding to rat liver nuclei, which were free of plasma membrane based on… (More)
BACKGROUND While the sex difference in prevalence rates of unipolar depression is well established, few studies have examined gender differences in clinical features of depression. Even less is known about gender differences in chronic forms of depression. METHODS 235 male and 400 female outpatients with DSM-III-R chronic major depression or double… (More)
BACKGROUND Preliminary reports have documented the safety of off-pump coronary artery bypass graft compared with conventional coronary artery bypass graft surgery. Whereas off-pump coronary artery bypass graft surgery may be associated with improvement in some short-term outcomes, longer-term outcomes and influence on neurocognitive function have not been… (More)
The visual scanning of 19 recently abstinent crack cocaine-dependent men was assessed while they viewed a picture of a cocaine cue and a picture of a neutral cue. Cocaine craving scores were inversely correlated with the number of preattentive fixations and saccades and were positively correlated with the number of attentive fixations.
There has been the clinical impression that people with higher levels of anxiety and central arousal are more prone to develop cocaine-induced paranoia (CIP), but this notion has not been formally studied. In the current study, we examined the differences between 28 CIP-endorsing and 16 CIP-denying chronic cocaine users in their levels of state and trait… (More)
Recent preclinical studies suggest utility for voltage-sensitive calcium channel blockers (VSCCBs) in the treatment of cocaine addiction. The following double-blind placebo-controlled study examined the role of the VSCCB nimodipine in attenuating cocaine craving in 66 recently abstinent cocaine-dependent patients on an inpatient substance abuse treatment… (More)
Cocaine-induced paranoia (CIP) remains an important drug-induced model of idiopathic paranoia for which no psychophysiologic marker has yet emerged. Measures of pupillary oscillation were able to significantly distinguish a group of abstinent crack cocaine abusers endorsing past CIP (n = 32) from another group of crack addicts who denied past CIP (n = 29).
A randomised, controlled, crossover study of the effect of diet on angiopoietin-like protein 4 (ANGPTL4) through modification of the gut microbiome Abstract Angiopoietin-like protein 4 (ANGPTL4) is a lipoprotein lipase inhibitor that is involved in lipid metabolism and angiogenesis. Animal studies have suggested that the ANGPTL4 protein is modulated by the… (More)