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We compared 12 patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and six control subjects by 1H-magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Significantly lower relative N-acetyl-aspartate (NAA) levels were found in the right striatum of OCD patients, as well as a decrease of anterior cingulate NAA that correlated with severity of illness. Age and sex were correlated(More)
We present two major advances in preclinical fluorescence-enhanced diffuse optical tomography (fDOT) system and assess its performance. It is now possible to perform experiments without adaptation liquid or a glass plate over the animal, and our system is equipped with a filter wheel in order to discriminate two injected fluorophores. Evaluation carried out(More)
BACKGROUND We investigated whether the combination of multi-modal behaviour therapy (BT) with fluvoxamine is superior to BT and placebo in the acute treatment of severely ill in-patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). METHOD In a randomised, double-blind design, 30 patients were treated for nine weeks with BT plus placebo and 30 patients with(More)
OBJECTIVE The authors' goal was to test the hypothesis that the antidepressant effect of total sleep deprivation can be maintained by initially avoiding sleep during a supposedly "critical" time period in the early morning. METHOD They studied 33 inpatients with major depression, melancholic type, all of whom responded positively to total sleep(More)
We present in vivo experiments conducted with a new fluorescence diffuse optical tomographic (fDOT) system on cancerous mice bearing mammary murine tumors. We first briefly present this new system that has been developed and its associated reconstruction method. Its main specificity is its ability to reconstruct the fluorescence yield even in heterogeneous(More)
Fluorescence-enhanced diffuse optical tomography is expected to be useful to the collection of functional information from small animal models. This technique is currently limited by the extent of tissue heterogeneity and management of the shape of the animals. We propose an approach based on the reconstruction of object heterogeneity, which provides an(More)
Early and accurate detection of tumors, like the development of targeted treatments, is a major field of research in oncology. The generation of specific vectors, capable of transporting a drug or a contrast agent to the primary tumor site as well as to the remote (micro-) metastasis would be an asset for early diagnosis and cancer therapy. Our goal was to(More)
Total sleep deprivation (TSD) leads to an immediate amelioration of depressed mood in approximately 70 % of patients with the melancholic subtype of depression. The clinical utility of this procedure is limited, as the improvement usually subsides after the next night of sleep. In the present study, 40 depressed inpatients, being free of psychoactive(More)
The fast but short-lasting improvement of depressive symptoms by sleep deprivation (SD) in about 60% of patients with a major depressive disorder is well established, but the mechanisms of action are still not clear. Recent studies suggest that changes in non rapid eye movement (NREM) sleep, especially in slow wave activity (SWA), could be associated with(More)
The tryptophan depletion test is a research strategy to investigate the functional consequences of decreasing the brain serotonin metabolism. Because serotonin is involved in sleep regulation and the regulation of affective states, we studied the acute polysomnographic effects of tryptophan depletion and expected to induce similar changes of sleep EEG as(More)