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About 60% of both Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) and Becker muscular dystrophy (BMD) is due to deletions of the dystrophin gene. For cases with a deletion mutation, the "reading frame" hypothesis predicts that BMD patients produce a semifunctional, internally deleted dystrophin protein, whereas DMD patients produce a severely truncated protein that would(More)
The etiology of glioma is barely known. Epidemiologic studies have provided evidence for an inverse relation between glioma risk and allergic disease. Genome-wide association data have identified common genetic variants at 5p15.33 (rs2736100, TERT), 8q24.21 (rs4295627, CCDC26), 9p21.3 (rs4977756, CDKN2A-CDKN2B), 11q23.3 (rs498872, PHLDB1), and 20q13.33(More)
Several single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) affecting DNA repair capacity and modifying cancer susceptibility have been described. We evaluated the association of SNPs Arg194Trp, Arg280His, and Arg399Gln in the X-ray cross-complementing group 1 (XRCC1) and Thr241Met in the X-ray cross-complementing group 3 (XRCC3) DNA repair genes with the risk of brain(More)
P53 and ATM are central checkpoint genes involved in the repair of DNA damage after ionising irradiation, which has been associated with risk of brain tumours. Therefore, we tested the hypothesis that polymorphisms and haplotypes in p53 and ATM could be associated with glioma and meningioma risk. Six hundred and eighty glioma cases (298 glioblastoma (GBM)),(More)
BACKGROUND Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) have been associated with withdrawal symptoms. We investigated whether use of these drugs in pregnant women might cause neonatal withdrawal syndrome. METHODS An association between paroxetine and neonatal convulsions was identified in December, 2001, by the data mining method routinely used to(More)
Folate metabolism plays an important role in carcinogenesis. To test the hypothesis that polymorphic variation in the folate metabolism genes 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR), methionine synthase (MTRR), and methionine synthase reductase (MTR) influences the risk of primary brain tumors, we genotyped 1,005 glioma cases, 631 meningioma cases,(More)
Glioma is the most common type of adult brain tumor and glioblastoma, its most aggressive form, has a dismal prognosis. Receptor tyrosine kinases such as the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR, ERBB2, ERBB3, ERBB4) family, and the vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR), play a central role in tumor progression. We investigated the genetic(More)
BACKGROUND The WHO Foundation Collaborating Centre for International Drug Monitoring (Uppsala Monitoring Centre [UMC]) has received many individual case safety reports (ICSRs) associating HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor drug (statin) use with the occurrence of muscle damage, including rhabdomyolysis, and also peripheral neuropathy. A new signal has now appeared(More)
The curability of oral cavity carcinomas, as well as of other head and neck cancers, varies remarkably especially in more advanced disease. Radiotherapy and surgery, including large operations, are currently combined, but as new radiotherapy regimens are being introduced, the need for predictive assays has increased in order to plan a suitable individual(More)
Of the approximately 170 families with X-linked muscular dystrophy of the Duchenne (DMD) and Becker (BMD) type in Finland, we have studied 90 unrelated patients for intragenic deletions by using the cDNA probes described by Koenig et al. Forty-five patients (50%) had molecular deletions of one or several of the 65 exon-containing HindIII fragments. In six(More)