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BACKGROUND We performed a meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials to determine the risks of adverse events associated with testosterone replacement in older men. METHODS The MEDLINE database was searched from 1966 to April 2004, using testosterone as the indexing term; limits included human, male, > or =45 years old, and randomized controlled trial.(More)
BACKGROUND Low muscle mass and weakness are common and potentially disabling in older adults, but in order to become recognized as a clinical condition, criteria for diagnosis should be based on clinically relevant thresholds and independently validated. The Foundation for the National Institutes of Health Biomarkers Consortium Sarcopenia Project used an(More)
BACKGROUND Several consensus groups have previously published operational criteria for sarcopenia, incorporating lean mass with strength and/or physical performance. The purpose of this manuscript is to describe the prevalence, agreement, and discrepancies between the Foundation for the National Institutes of Health (FNIH) criteria with other operational(More)
BACKGROUND This analysis sought to determine the associations of the Foundation for the National Institutes of Health Sarcopenia Project criteria for weakness and low lean mass with likelihood for mobility impairment (gait speed ≤ 0.8 m/s) and mortality. Providing validity for these criteria is essential for research and clinical evaluation. METHODS Among(More)
BACKGROUND Weakness is common and contributes to disability, but no consensus exists regarding a strength cutpoint to identify persons at high risk. This analysis, conducted as part of the Foundation for the National Institutes of Health Sarcopenia Project, sought to identify cutpoints that distinguish weakness associated with mobility impairment, defined(More)
BACKGROUND Low lean mass is potentially clinically important in older persons, but criteria have not been empirically validated. As part of the FNIH (Foundation for the National Institutes of Health) Sarcopenia Project, this analysis sought to identify cutpoints in lean mass by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry that discriminate the presence or absence of(More)
In experimental Parkinson's disease, we studied the effects of chronic administration (30 days), withdrawal, and reinstitution of bromocriptine. Dopamine (DA) receptor supersensitivity was produced by 6-hydroxydopamine and reversed by chronic bromocriptine administration. Drug holiday reestablished sensitivity of DA receptors, but reinstitution of(More)
BACKGROUND Sex hormones are known to affect cholesterol levels and vascular tone in women. The effects of testosterone on cholesterol and vascular tone in men are less well understood. Low testosterone levels have been associated with higher cholesterol levels in epidemiologic studies, but testosterone replacement has resulted in variable changes in(More)
Serum Cu levels rise with age and high Cu/Zn ratios are linked with multiple-cause mortality in the elderly. The relationships of these parameters to measures of musculoskeletal health and frailty have not yet been analyzed. We used inductively coupled mass spectrometry to assess serum levels of Cu and Zn and probed for relationships between serum Cu levels(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to determine reference physical performance values in older aging workers. BACKGROUND Cross-sectional physical performance measures were collected for 736 manufacturing workers to assess effects of work and nonwork factors on age-related changes in musculoskeletal function and health. METHOD Participants underwent(More)