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We previously reported that a (CTG)n expansion causes spinocerebellar ataxia type 8 (SCA8), a slowly progressive ataxia with reduced penetrance. We now report a transgenic mouse model in which the full-length human SCA8 mutation is transcribed using its endogenous promoter. (CTG)116 expansion, but not (CTG)11 control lines, develop a progressive(More)
Alcohol-induced activation of the opioid system may contribute to the reinforcing properties of alcohol. This study investigated whether elimination of beta-endorphin (BE) synthesis via site-directed mutagenesis in embryonic stem cells would alter alcohol intake in mice. Both BE-deficient and wildtype (WT) mice generated from the targeted stem cells were(More)
We previously reported that a transcribed but untranslated CTG expansion causes a novel form of ataxia, spinocerebellar ataxia type 8 (SCA8) (Koob et al., 1999). SCA8 was the first example of a dominant spinocerebellar ataxia that is not caused by the expansion of a CAG repeat translated into a polyglutamine tract. This slowly progressive form of ataxia is(More)
OBJECTIVE This study examined whether repeated daily treatment with naloxone prevents expression of a genetic predisposition toward high alcohol drinking in rats selectively bred for alcohol preference (P line). METHODS In phase 1, alcohol-naive male rats were given food and water ad libitum and were pretreated with naloxone (2.5, 5.0, or 10.0 mg/kg, IP)(More)
BACKGROUND The study of within-session alcohol tolerance in the rat has been hampered by methodological difficulties related to the measurement of dependent variables at predictable blood alcohol concentrations (BAC) during a single session of alcohol exposure. This study characterizes a method for maintaining steady-state blood alcohol levels over several(More)
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