Anne K. Dzus

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STUDY DESIGN Study of the diagnostic accuracy and interexaminer reliability of scoliosis diagnostic tests. OBJECTIVES To estimate the sensitivity, specificity, and predictive value of the Scoliometer (National Scoliosis Foundation, Watertown, MA) and Adam's forward bend test in diagnosing scoliosis, and to determine the interexaminer reliability of the(More)
Ganglioneuromas are rare soft-tissue tumors that can present as painless spinal deformities. The surgical outcome is usually satisfactory when complete excision is achieved. A case of spinal ganglioneuroma presenting as adolescent idiopathic scoliosis is presented to illustrate the illusive nature of this condition.
Chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO) is relatively uncommon. Even though the name suggests it is the result of infection, this is not likely the case. Instead it is more likely the result of genetic, autoimmune, or autoinflammatory causes. Although CRMO has a benign course and responds well to anti-inflammatory medications, it can have a very(More)
Osteoid osteomata are rarely found in the distal phalanges of the hand. The 23 cases in the English language literature are discussed and two additional cases are described. The usual presenting features are chronic pain, nail enlargement and increase in size of the terminal part of the digit. Diagnosis is difficult but surgical excision is effective for(More)
BACKGROUND Closed fractures of the distal third of the forearm are the most common fractures of childhood, but the method of immobilization after closed reduction is controversial. This study was undertaken to determine whether below-the-elbow casts are as effective as above-the-elbow casts in immobilizing these types of fractures and to identify patient(More)
OBJECTIVE Two cases are discussed to illustrate two different presentations, progressions and treatments of Scheuermann's juvenile kyphosis. CLINICAL FEATURES In one case, a 13-yr-old boy suffered from a 2-yr history of lower back pain. Radiographs demonstrated irregularity of the upper lumbar vertebral endplates, associated with Schmorl's nodes. The(More)
Spastic diplegia is the most common form of cerebral palsy worldwide. Many disorders mimic spastic diplegia, which can result in misdiagnosis for the child with resultant negative treatment and family counselling implications. In this paper, the authors provide a brief review of spastic diplegia and the various disorders in the differential diagnosis. We(More)
OBJECTIVE To illustrate the importance of a careful differential diagnosis in children presenting with torticollis. CLINICAL FEATURES A 14-yr-old boy presented with a 6-month history of neck pain, torticollis and increasing neurological deficit. Past physiotherapy and chiropractic treatment had not helped. A myelogram and MRI scan revealed a large(More)
A retrospective review of 23 patients with osteoblastoma was undertaken in an attempt to answer questions concerning the aggressiveness and potential malignancy of this tumour. Demographic information confirmed that recorded in the literature. There was no suggestion of malignant potential, but, significantly, one tumour persisted, with local recurrence(More)
Case A 4-year-old girl injured her left leg while tobogganing. She complained of immediate pain in her left knee and refused to bear weight through her left lower extremity. Her family brought her to the local emergency department where radiographs of the left knee were obtained; radiographic findings of the knee were normal (Figure 1). It was believed that(More)