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The napEDABC locus coding for the periplasmic nitrate reductase of Thiosphaera pantotropha has been cloned and sequenced. The large and small subunits of the enzyme are coded by napA and napB. The sequence of NapA indicates that this protein binds the GMP-conjugated form of the molybdopterin cofactor. Cysteine-181 is proposed to ligate the molybdenum atom.(More)
Three genes, narH, narJ and narI, of the membrane-bound nitrate reductase operon of the denitrifying bacterium Thiosphaera pantotropha have been identified and sequenced. The derived gene products show high sequence similarity to the equivalent (beta, putative delta and gamma) subunits of the two membrane-bound nitrate reductases of the enteric bacterium(More)
The periplasmic nitrate reductase of Thiosphaera pantotropha has been purified from a mutant strain (M-6) that overproduces the enzyme activity under anaerobic growth conditions. The enzyme is a complex of a 93-kDa polypeptide and a 16-kDa nitrate-oxidizable cytochrome c552. The complex contains molybdenum; a fluorescent compound with spectral features of a(More)
The periplasmic nitrate reductase from Paracoccus denitrificans is a soluble two-subunit enzyme which binds two hemes (c-type), a [4Fe-4S] center, and a bis molybdopterin guanine dinucleotide cofactor (bis-MGD). A catalytic cycle for this enzyme is presented based on a study of these redox centers using electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) and extended(More)
Thiosphaera pantotropha, a Gram-negative heterotrophic nitrifying bacterium, expresses a soluble 20 kDa monomeric periplasmic hydroxylamine oxidase that differs markedly from the hydroxylamine oxidase found in autotrophic bacteria. This enzyme can use the periplasmic redox proteins, cytochrome c551 and pseudoazurin as electron acceptors, both of which can(More)
A number of biochemically distinct systems have been characterized for the microbial reduction of the oxyanions, selenate (SeO(4)(2-)) and nitrate (NO(3)(-)). Two classes of molybdenum-dependent nitrate reductase catalyse the respiratory-linked reduction of nitrate (NO(3)(-)) to nitrite (NO(2)(-)). The main respiratory nitrate reductase (NAR) is(More)
Electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy signals attributable to low-spin haem c in the oxidised protein and [4Fe-4S]1+ in the dithionite-reduced protein were identified, at low temperature, in Thiosphaera pantotropha periplasmic nitrate reductase. Spin integration of these signals as well as elemental analysis suggest a stoichiometry of 1.3-1.6 c-haem(More)
The fumarate reductase of Escherichia coli and other bacteria is a membrane-bound enzyme consisting of four subunits. A soluble periplasmic 64 kDa tetrahaem flavocytochrome c3 from Shewanella frigidimarina NCIMB400 which possesses a catalytic fumarate reductase activity has been crystallized. The crystals belong to space group P212121 with unit-cell(More)