Anne Hiltner

Learn More
Optical microscope techniques are used to characterize the hierarchical structure of the collagenous components of the human intervertebral disc. In the anterior annulus fibrosus, the thickness of lamellae increases abruptly 2 mm inward from the edge of the disc, dividing the annulus into peripheral and transitional regions. Lamellae in the lateral and(More)
This study used an in vitro environment that simulated the microenvironment at the adherent cell-material interface to reproduce and accelerate the biodegradation of poly(ether urethane) (PEU) and poly(carbonate urethane) (PCU). Polyurethane films were treated in vitro for 24 days in 20% hydrogen peroxide/0.1 M cobalt chloride solution at 37 degrees C.(More)
Biodegradation and biocompatibility of poly(ethylene carbonate) (PEC) was examined using an in vivo cage implant system. Exudate analysis showed that PEC and PEC degradation products were biocompatible and induced minimal inflammatory and wound healing responses. Adherent foreign body giant cells (FBGCs) caused pitting on the PEC surface, which led to(More)
Several strategies have been used to increase the biostability of medical-grade polyurethanes while maintaining biocompatibility and mechanical properties. One approach is to chemically modify or replace the susceptible soft segment. Currently, poly(carbonate urethanes) (PCUs) are being evaluated as a replacement of poly(ether urethanes) (PEUs) in medical(More)
Interleukin-4 (IL-4) was previously shown to induce extensive macrophage fusion to form foreign-body giant cells (FBGCs) in vitro. In the present study, our goal was to extend these findings to an in vivo test environment on biomaterials. The subcutaneous cage-implant system was modified for mice to elucidate IL-4 participation in mediating FBGC formation(More)
It is generally accepted that biodegradation of poly(etheruethane urea) (PEUU) involves oxidation of the polyether segments on the surface where leukocytes are adhered. The influence of dissolved oxygen, which is known to control oxidation of polymers in more traditional environments, was explored in this study. Specimens treated in vitro with hydrogen(More)
In this study, the effect of soft segment chemistry on the phase morphology and in vivo response of commercial-grade poly(ether urethane) (PEU), silicone-modified PEU (PEU-S), poly(carbonate urethane) (PCU), and silicone-modified PCU (PCU-S) elastomers were examined. Silicone-modified polyurethanes were developed to combine the biostability of silicone with(More)
Four materials based on a single poly-(etherurethane) (PEU) prepared from MDI and PTMEG but differing in additives were studied in the cage implant system. The two additives studied were Santowhite powder at the 1% level and Methacrol 2138F 5%. Methacrol 2138F appeared to be immiscible with the base PEU and was dispersed in discrete domains about 0.5-micron(More)
Several bipolar coaxial pacemaker leads, composed of an outer silicone rubber insulation and an inner polyether polyurethane (PEU) insulation, which were explanted due to clinical evidence of electrical dysfunction, were analyzed in this study. Optical microscopy (OM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) were used to determine the cause of failure.(More)
This study examined the effect of cholesterol esterase (CE) on the degradation of commercial poly(ether urethane) (PEU) and poly(carbonate urethane) (PCU). Unstrained PEU and PCU films were incubated in 400 U/mL CE solution or a buffer control for 36 days. The study used a concentration of cholesterol esterase that was considerably higher than the estimated(More)