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The surface chemistry associated with the synthesis of energetic nanolaminates controls the formation of the critical interfacial layers that dominate the performances of nanothermites. For instance, the interaction of Al with CuO films or CuO with Al films needs to be understood to optimize Al/CuO nanolaminates. To that end, the chemical mechanisms(More)
A general bottom-up modeling strategy for gas sensor response to CO, O(2), H(2)O, and related mixtures exposure is demonstrated. In a first stage, we present first principles calculations that aimed at giving an unprecedented review of basic chemical mechanisms taking place at the sensor surface. Then, simulations of an operating gas sensor are performed(More)
Reaction of aluminum clusters, Al n (n = 16, 17 and 18), with liquid water is investigated using quantum molecular dynamics simulations, which show rapid production of hydrogen molecules assisted by proton transfer along a chain of hydrogen bonds (H-bonds) between water molecules, i.e. Grotthuss mechanism. The simulation results provide answers to two(More)
We propose a barrierless mechanism for describing the oxidation of Al(111) in which oxygen atoms located on the outer surface extract aluminum atoms of the surface layers through local cooperation of other pre-adsorbed oxygen atoms. We show the details of this complex chemical process that kinetically competes with the non-destructive formation of an oxygen(More)
First principles calculations and scanning tunneling microscopy studies of the oxidation of Si(100)-(2x1) surfaces by molecular oxygen reveal that the surface silanone (O)(Si=O) species is remarkably stable, constituting the key intermediate for initial oxidation. The propensity for oxygen to remain within the top surface layer as opposed to incorporating(More)
Molecular dynamics simulations were performed to study the nanoindentation of NiAl and Ni 3 Al crystals on three surfaces: (100), (110), and (111). The calculated load-displacement curves show discrete drops at certain indentation depths, indicating dislocation bursts during indentation. The hardness values for the two materials were found to depend(More)
First principles calculations, scanning tunneling microscopy, and Auger spectroscopy experiments of the adsorption of Mg on Ag(111) substrate are conducted. This detailed study reveals that an atomic scale controlled deposition of a metallic Mg monolayer perfectly wets the silver substrate without any alloy formation at the interface at room temperature. A(More)
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