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OBJECTIVES To predict acute psychological distress in pregnant women following detection of a fetal structural anomaly by ultrasonography, and to relate these findings to a comparison group. DESIGN A prospective, observational study. SETTING Tertiary referral centre for fetal medicine. POPULATION One hundred and eighty pregnant women with a fetal(More)
OBJECTIVE  To examine the association between psychological distress and levels of salivary cortisol (SalC) and the ratio of serum cortisol to cortisol-binding globulin (SC/CBG) in pregnant women shortly after the diagnosis of a structural fetal anomaly. DESIGN. A prospective, observational study.  SETTING  Tertiary referral center for fetal medicine.  (More)
We examined the short-term effect of severe maternal psychological distress on the placental circulation in second trimester in a prospective observational study. In 86 pregnant women with a newly detected fetal malformation, and 98 women with normal ultrasound findings, distress was assessed using the Impact of Event Scale and the General Health(More)
INTRODUCTION Some types of antenatal maternal psychological distress may be associated with reduced fetal growth and birthweight. A stress-mediated reduction in placental blood flow has been suggested as a mechanism. Previous studies have examined this using ultrasound-derived arterial resistance measures in the uterine (UtA) and umbilical (UA) arteries,(More)
BACKGROUND In Norway almost all pregnant women attend one routine ultrasound examination. Detection of fetal structural anomalies triggers psychological stress responses in the women affected. Despite the frequent use of ultrasound examination in pregnancy, little attention has been devoted to the psychological response of the expectant father following the(More)
OBJECTIVE(S) We sought to prospectively study the association between antenatal emotional distress and gestational length at birth as well as preterm birth. STUDY DESIGN We followed up 40,077 primiparous women in the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study. Emotional distress was reported in a short form of the Hopkins Symptom Checklist-25 (SCL-5) at 17(More)
INTRODUCTION Antenatal maternal psychological distress may be associated with reduced placental circulation, which could lead to lower birthweight. Studies investigating this in humans show mixed results, which may be partially due to type, strength and timing of distress. In addition, the arterial vascular resistance measures often used as outcome measures(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the influence of transplacental versus nontransplacental needle passage during genetic amniocentesis on umbilical artery (UA) pulsatility index (PI) and fetal heart rate (FHR). METHODS Genetic amniocentesis was performed in 205 women with no major fetal malformations detected by prenatal ultrasound at a median gestational age of 14(More)
In this longitudinal prospective observational study performed at a tertiary perinatal referral centre, we aimed to assess maternal distress in pregnancy in women with ultrasound findings of fetal anomaly and compare this with distress in pregnant women with normal ultrasound findings. Pregnant women with a structural fetal anomaly (n = 48) and normal(More)
BACKGROUND Primary infection with Toxoplasma gondii during pregnancy may pose a threat to the fetus. Women infected prior to conception are unlikely to transmit the parasite to the fetus. If maternal serology indicates a possible primary infection, amniocentesis for toxoplasma PCR analysis is performed and antiparasitic treatment given. However,(More)