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Allium is a genus of some 500 species belonging to the family Liliaceae. However only a few of these are important as food plants, notably onion, garlic, chive, leek, and rakkyo. Such plants have been used for many centuries for the pungency and flavoring value, for their medicinal properties, and, in some parts of the world, their use also has religious(More)
Economists have long studied the relationship between the real and monetary sectors. We trace out the effects of an exogenous real shock, the 1906 San Francisco earthquake. The quake's impact manifested itself in international gold flows, as British insurance companies paid their San Francisco claims out of home funds in the fall of 1906. The capital(More)
Glucosinolates are a group of secondary products commonly, but not exclusively, found in plants of the family Cruciferae. They give rise, upon enzymic hydrolysis, to a range of volatile, pungent and physiologically active compounds. Recently, particular attention has been focused upon those that are trytophan-derived--the indole glucosinolates(More)
Significant induction of mixed-function-oxidase (MFO) activity was observed in the small intestines of rats within 4-6 hr of ingestion of a single meal containing a Brassica vegetable (cabbage). Intact Brussels sprouts and a fractionated methanol-water extract of Brussels sprouts induced similar degrees of MFO activity in the livers, and small and large(More)
Previous work has shown that food contains a large number of minor dietary constituents that can inhibit the occurrence of cancer. Additional inhibitors from four different natural sources will be the subject of this presentation. 1. Citrus fruit oils. Orange, tangerine, lemon, and grapefruit oils given p.o. induce increased glutathione (GSH) S-transferase(More)
Alliums have been grown for many centuries for their characteristic, pungent flavor and medicinal properties. The present review, which includes references published up to the middle of 1984, is primarily concerned with the chemical composition, flavor, and physiological properties of these crops, their extracts, and processed products. Special emphasis is(More)
Biomarkers have considerable potential in aiding the understanding of the relationship between diet and disease or health. However, to assess the role, relevance and importance of biomarkers on a case by case basis it is essential to understand and prioritise the principal diet and health issues. In the majority of cases, dietary compounds are only weakly(More)
Allium is a genus of some 500 species belonging to the family Liliaceae. However, only a few of these are important as food plants, notably onion, garlic, chive, leek, and rakkyo. Such plants have been used for many centuries for their pungency and flavoring value, for their medicinal properties, and in some parts of the world, their use also has religious(More)
Both white and Savoy-type cabbage added to a semi-purified diet at 25% dry weight and fed to rats ad lib. for 5 days significantly induced ethoxyresorufin (ERR) deethylation in the small and large intestine. Savoy cabbage also induced hepatic activity and, in general, exhibited a greater inducing effect than white cabbage. These enzyme-inducing effects were(More)
The discovery of the formation of acrylamide in fried and baked foods containing high levels of starch and the amino acid asparagine, prompted widespread concern. Both processed and home cooked foods are affected and this has led to the increased study of variations in cooking and processing conditions to minimize formation. While changes in cooking(More)