Anne H. S. Martinelli

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Ureases (EC are nickel-dependent metalloenzymes that catalyze the hydrolysis of urea to ammonia and carbon dioxide. Produced by plants, fungi and bacteria, but not by animals, ureases share significant homology and similar mechanisms of catalysis, although differing in quaternary structures. While fungal and plant ureases are homo-oligomeric(More)
BACKGROUND Ureases are metalloenzymes involved in defense mechanisms in plants. The insecticidal activity of Canavalia ensiformis (jack bean) ureases relies partially on an internal 10kDa peptide generated by enzymatic hydrolysis of the protein within susceptible insects. A recombinant version of this peptide, jaburetox, exhibits insecticidal, antifungal(More)
The soybean ubiquitous urease (encoded by GmEu4) is responsible for recycling metabolically derived urea. Additional biological roles have been demonstrated for plant ureases, notably in toxicity to other organisms. However, urease enzymatic activity is not related to its toxicity. The role of GmEu4 in soybean susceptibility to fungi was investigated in(More)
Ureases catalyze the hydrolysis of urea into NH3 and CO2. They are synthesized by plants, fungi and bacteria but not by animals. Ureases display biological activities unrelated to their enzymatic activity, i.e., platelet and neutrophil activation, fungus inhibition and insecticidal effect. Urease from Canavalia ensiformis (jack bean) is toxic to several(More)
Ureases (EC are metalloenzymes that hydrolyze urea into ammonia and CO(2). These proteins have insecticidal and fungicidal effects not related to their enzymatic activity. The insecticidal activity of urease is mostly dependent on the release of internal peptides after hydrolysis by insect digestive cathepsins. Jaburetox is a recombinant version of(More)
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