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Testosterone (T) profoundly influences central sexual differentiation and functions. In the brain, T signals either directly through androgen receptor (AR) or indirectly through estrogen receptor (ER) following aromatization into E2 (17-beta-estradiol). As T, through AR, also controls peripheral male sexual differentiation, the relative contribution of(More)
Pulsatile release of GnRH-1 is critical to stimulate gonadotropes of the anterior pituitary. This secretory pattern seems to be inherent to GnRH-1 neurons, however, the mechanisms underlying such episodical release remain unknown. In monkey nasal explants, the GnRH-1 population exhibits synchronized calcium events with the same periodicity as GnRH-1(More)
Kisspeptins, encoded by the Kiss1 gene, play a key role in the regulation of reproductive function, although very little is known about the ontogenesis of this system. The present study aimed to determine the period of arcuate nucleus (ARC) kisspeptin cell birth and the embryonic stage and neuroanatomical sites of onset of kisspeptin immunoreactivity.(More)
Kisspeptins are potent secretagogues of gonadotrophin-releasing hormone, playing a key role in puberty onset. These peptides are produced by distinct neuronal populations of the hypothalamus located in the rostral periventricular area of the third ventricle (RP3V) and arcuate nucleus (ARC). The present immunohistochemical study aimed to determine the(More)
In adult mammalian brain, two main germinative regions located in the subventricular zone of the lateral ventricle and in the subgranular cell layer of the hippocampal dentate gyrus have been considerably documented and are still under intense scrutiny. However, new neuron formation has recently been reported in various other brain areas including the(More)
The oligodendrocyte myelin glycoprotein (OMgp) inhibits axon regeneration after injury in the adult mammalian central nervous system. However its function during brain development remains largely unknown. The present study aims to analyze a possible role for OMgp during neurogenesis. We showed that neural stem cells (NSC) extracted from the whole(More)
Catecholamines (CA) play an important role in the regulation of GnRH neurons in adults, and it is probable that they control GnRH-neuron development. Migration of GnRH neurons was evaluated in male and female rats at the 17th embryonic day (E17) and E21, following the daily treatment of their pregnant mothers from the 11th to the 16th and 20th day of(More)
During development, GnRH-1 neurons differentiate extracerebraly from the nasal placode and migrate from the vomeronasal organ to the forebrain along vomeronasal and terminal nerves. Numerous studies have described the influence of different molecules on the migration of GnRH-1 neurons, however, the role of microenvironment cells remains poorly understood.(More)
The organization of Ascaris motoneurones and nervous system is summarized. There is an anterior nerve ring and associated ganglia, main dorsal and ventral nerve cords which run longitudinally, and a small set of posterior ganglia. Cell bodies of motoneurones are found in the ventral nerve cord and occur in 5 repeating 'segments'; each contains 11(More)
The utilization of neural cells in culture has importantly increased the knowledge of the nervous system biology. In most studies, the investigations are performed on biological materials coming from common laboratory animals and the extrapolation of the results to other animals is not easy. For some studies, such as developmental biology of the nervous(More)