Anne Gro Vea Salvanes

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The release of hatchery-reared fishes for restoring threatened and endangered populations is one of the most controversial issues in applied ecology. A central issue has been to determine whether releases cause extinction of local wild populations. This may arise either through domesticated or non-local fishes hybridizing with wild fishes, or through(More)
Different kinds of experience during early life can play a significant role in the development of an animal's behavioural phenotype. In natural contexts, this influences behaviours from anti-predator responses to navigation abilities. By contrast, for animals reared in captive environments, the homogeneous nature of their experience tends to reduce(More)
Since the collapse of the pelagic fisheries off southwest Africa in the late 1960s, jellyfish biomass has increased and the structure of the Benguelan fish community has shifted, making the bearded goby (Sufflogobius bibarbatus) the new predominant prey species. Despite increased predation pressure and a harsh environment, the gobies are thriving. Here we(More)
Hypoxia [O 2 < 2.0 mL L À1 (87 lmol kg À1)] and severely hypoxic water masses [O 2 < 0.5 mL L À1 (21.8 lmol kg À1)] are increasing in coastal marine ecosystems due to eutrophication and warming. Here, we investigate the response of the suboxic-tolerant endemic fish, Sufflogobius bibarbatus, to variations in the thermal and oxygen environment, as well as to(More)
Many re-introduction programs used for conservation of populations and species threatened with extinction advocate the use of enriched rearing environments to train animals how to behave appropriately in the wild. Curiously, most of the current fish re-stocking programs have paid little attention to lessons previously learned in bird and mammal(More)
The frequency of low O 2 (hypoxia) has increased in coastal marine areas but how fish avoid del-eterious water masses is not yet clear. To assess whether the presence and oxygen pressure (PO 2) level of an O 2 refuge affects the hypoxia avoidance behaviour of fish, individual Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua L.) were exposed to a range of O 2 choices in a 2-way(More)
Fourteen polymorphic microsatellite markers with tetranucleotide repeats were developed for the bearded goby (Sufflogobius bibarbatus) from partial genomic DNA libraries using a repeat enrichment protocol, and characterized using two putative populations from the northern Benguela. The average number of alleles per locus ranged from 4 to 34, and the(More)
This study explores how antipredator behaviour of juvenile Atlantic salmon Salmo salar developed during conventional hatchery rearing of eggs from wild brood stock, compared with the behaviour of wild-caught juveniles from the same population. Juveniles aged 1+ years were tested in two unfamiliar environments; in one S. salar were presented with simulated(More)
Data on developmental characteristics from fertilization to 2 days post-hatching during captivity of the anoxia tolerant bearded goby Sufflogobius bibarbatus, one of the keystone prey species for many of the commercial fish populations, sea mammals and birds in south-west Africa, are presented.
The environment can play an important role in shaping how an animal behaves, and how well the animal performs in a particular environment can be influenced by early experiences. The tradition of releasing captive-reared juveniles into the wild in an effort to strengthen wild fish populations has often had little success owing to high post-release mortality.(More)
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