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Whole-cell recordings in brainstem slices revealed postnatal changes in passive and firing properties in the rat caudal nucleus tractus solitarii (cNTS) neurons. Membrane potential, threshold for Na+ spike and degree of sag were unchanged during development. In the adult, the rheobase was twice that found at birth. The input resistance decreased over the(More)
Postnatal development of neurons in the caudal nucleus tractus solitarii of rats was studied using the Golgi-Cox technique and whole-cell recordings. Two cell classes were defined on the basis of somatic and dendritic morphology. Elongated neurons have two thick primary dendrites originating from the long axis of the soma. The primary dendrites, tapering(More)
We have used a morphological approach to evaluate the role of NMDA receptors (NMDAR) in postnatal development of brainstem neurons in awake rats. Chronic NMDAR blockade was performed by placing drug-impregnated Elvax implants over the brainstem at the fifth postnatal day (P5). Compared with control, NMDAR blockade led to a transient increase in dendritic(More)
An increase in circulating adrenal catecholamine levels constitutes one of the mechanisms whereby organisms cope with stress. Accordingly, stimulus-secretion coupling within the stressed adrenal medullary tissue undergoes persistent remodeling. In particular, cholinergic synaptic neurotransmission between splanchnic nerve terminals and chromaffin cells is(More)
The mechanisms underlying cardiac automaticity are still incompletely understood and controversial. Here we report the complete conditional and time-controlled silencing of the 'funny' current (If) by expression of a dominant-negative, non-conductive HCN4-channel subunit (hHCN4-AYA). Heart-specific If silencing caused altered [Ca(2+)]i release and Ca(2+)(More)
BACKGROUND Reperfusion during acute myocardial infarction remains the best treatment for reducing infarct size. Postconditioning, applied at the onset of reperfusion, reduces myocardial infarction both in animals and humans. The objective of this study was to identify the time delay to apply postconditioning at reperfusion, allowing preservation of(More)
BACKGROUND BRCA1, the main breast and ovarian cancer susceptibility gene, has a key role in maintenance of genome stability, cell cycle and transcription regulation. Interestingly, some of the numerous proteins which interact with BRCA1 protein undergo conjugation with small ubiquitin-like modifiers (SUMO). This post-translational modification is related to(More)
AIMS Myocardial infarction leads to heart failure and death. Ischaemic preconditioning (PreC) and postconditioning (PostC) reduce infarct size in animal models and human. Zac1 was identified as the only gene related to apoptosis and jointly down-regulated upon PreC and PostC. The aim of our study was to investigate the role of Zac1 down-regulation during(More)
Supraoptic nucleus (SON) neurons receive a dense innervation from noradrenergic fibers, the activity of which stimulates vasopressin (VP) and oxytocin (OT) release, notably during homeostatic regulation of blood pressure and volume. This regulation is known to involve the co-release of norepinephrine (NE) and ATP, which act in synergy to stimulate Ca(2+)(More)
The tumour suppressor BRCA1 (breast and ovarian cancer-susceptibility gene 1) is implicated in several nuclear processes including DNA repair, transcription regulation and chromatin remodelling. BRCA1 also has some cytoplasmic functions including a pro-apoptotic activity. We identified ANKRD28 (ankyrin repeat domain 28) as a novel BRCA1-interacting protein(More)