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Previous studies in our laboratory proved that certain functional groups are able to mimic the pyrophosphate moiety and act as leaving groups in the enzymatic polymerization of deoxyribonucleic acids by HIV-1 reverse transcriptase. When the potential leaving group possesses two carboxylic acid moieties linked to the nucleoside via a phosphoramidate bond, it(More)
An amino acid deoxyadenosine phosphoramidate and the corresponding phosphodiester congener have been synthesized and tested for primer extension by HIV-1 reverse transcriptase. Replacement of the phosphoramidate linkage of L-histidine-dAMP by a phosphodiester linkage was found to have a beneficial influence on the affinity of this substrate towards HIV-1(More)
In previous research we demonstrated that some amino acid derivatives of deoxyadenosine 5'-O-monophosphate act as substrates for incorporation into DNA by HIV-1 reverse transcriptase while retaining the canonical base-pair selectivity for all natural bases. Thus, some amino acids mimic the pyrophosphate group in the polymerization process with this enzyme.(More)
The replacement of the pyrophosphate moiety of 2'-deoxynucleoside triphosphates by non natural delta-dicarboxylic butyl amino acid allows incorporation of natural 2'-deoxycytidine into DNA using HIV-1 reverse transcriptase (RT) as enzyme. In contrast, the 3'-deoxycytidine analogue was not a substrate of the HIV-1 RT.
In eukaryotic cells, surface expression of most type I transmembrane proteins requires translation and simultaneous insertion of the precursor protein into the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) membrane for subsequent routing to the cell surface. This co-translational translocation pathway is initiated when a hydrophobic N-terminal signal peptide (SP) on the(More)
The anti-HIV activity of nucleoside analogues is highly related to their substrate specificity for cellular and viral kinase and, as triphosphate, for HIV-RT. A series of phosphoramidate d4T derivatives have been synthesized and evaluated as substrates for HIV-1 RT, and also tested for their in vitro anti-HIV activity. Compounds 2 and 4 are able to inhibit(More)
Thermostable bacterial polymerases like Taq, Therminator and Vent exo(-) are able to perform DNA synthesis by using modified DNA precursors, a property that is exploited in several therapeutic and biotechnological applications. Viral polymerases are also known to accept modified substrates, and this has proven crucial in the development of antiviral(More)
We developed a new strategy for labeling oligonucleotides. Labels bearing an acceptor substituted azide moiety, e.g. a sulfonyl azide substituent are used during oligonucleotide synthesis instead of conventional dye phosphoramidites. Azides are well known to react with trivalent phosphor compounds to phosphor amidates and therefore they could be used(More)
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