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Distinct cell populations with regenerative capacity have been reported to contribute to myofibres after skeletal muscle injury, including non-satellite cells as well as myogenic satellite cells. However, the relative contribution of these distinct cell types to skeletal muscle repair and homeostasis and the identity of adult muscle stem cells remain(More)
The early stages of lymphoid cell formation were studied by testing the differentiative potential of phenotypically defined subsets of CD34+ bone marrow cells. A subpopulation of CD34+ Lin- CD45RA+ cells expressing CD10 was isolated by flow cytometry. Such cells are CD38+, HLA-DR+, do not express significant levels of Thy-1 and c-kit, lack erythroid,(More)
Gene transfer vectors may cause clonal imbalance and even malignant cell transformation by insertional upregulation of proto-oncogenes. Lentiviral vectors (LV) with their preferred integration in transcribed genes are considered less genotoxic than gammaretroviral vectors (GV) with their preference for integration next to transcriptional start sites and(More)
Mature dendritic cells (mDCs) can trigger the effector functions of natural killer (NK) cells. Knock-out, small-interfering RNA or neutralizing antibodies targeting interleukin 12 (IL-12) subunits revealed a critical role for IL-12 in NK cell interferon gamma (IFN-gamma) secretion promoted by mDCs. However, NK cell activation by DCs also required direct(More)
Plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) play an important role in innate and adaptive immunity, prompting interest in mechanisms controlling the production of this lineage of cells. Notch signaling via one of the Notch ligands, delta-like 1 (delta-1), influences the hematopoietic development of several lymphoid and myeloid lineages, but whether or not delta-1(More)
During vertebrate eye development, the optic vesicle originating from the neuroectoderm is partitioned into a domain that will give rise to the neural retina (NR) and another that will give rise to the retinal pigmented epithelium (RPE). Previous studies have shown that ectopic expression of FGFs in the RPE induces RPE-to-NR transdifferentiation. Similarly,(More)
Dendritic cells (DCs) are powerful antigen-presenting cells. Because DCs are rare cells, methods to produce them in vitro are valuable ways to study their biologic properties and to generate cells for immunotherapy. This study defines the antigen-presenting properties of DCs generated in vitro from CD34+ cells of patients with breast cancer. The combination(More)
OBJECTIVE Blocking tumor necrosis factor (TNF) effectively inhibits inflammation and joint damage in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), but 40% of RA patients respond only transiently or not at all to the current anti-TNF biotherapies. The purpose of this study was to develop an alternative targeted therapy for this subgroup of RA patients. As proof of concept, we(More)
Gene therapy has been proposed as a potential treatment for Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome (WAS), a severe primary immune deficiency characterized by multiple hematopoietic-specific cellular defects. In order to develop an optimal lentiviral gene transfer cassette for this application, we compared the performance of several internal promoters in a variety of cell(More)