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Most of the peptides presented by major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I molecules require processing by proteasomes. Tripeptidyl peptidase II (TPPII), an aminopeptidase with endoproteolytic activity, may also have a role in antigen processing. Here, we analyzed the processing and presentation of the immunodominant human immunodeficiency virus(More)
Mature dendritic cells (mDCs) can trigger the effector functions of natural killer (NK) cells. Knock-out, small-interfering RNA or neutralizing antibodies targeting interleukin 12 (IL-12) subunits revealed a critical role for IL-12 in NK cell interferon gamma (IFN-gamma) secretion promoted by mDCs. However, NK cell activation by DCs also required direct(More)
Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome (WAS) is an immune deficiency with thrombopenia resulting from mutations in the WASP gene. This gene normally encodes the Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein (WASP), a major cytoskeletal regulator expressed in hematopoietic cells. Gene therapy is a promising option for the treatment of WAS, requiring that clinically applicable WASP(More)
Gene therapy has been proposed as a potential treatment for Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome (WAS), a severe primary immune deficiency characterized by multiple hematopoietic-specific cellular defects. In order to develop an optimal lentiviral gene transfer cassette for this application, we compared the performance of several internal promoters in a variety of cell(More)
During vertebrate eye development, the optic vesicle originating from the neuroectoderm is partitioned into a domain that will give rise to the neural retina (NR) and another that will give rise to the retinal pigmented epithelium (RPE). Previous studies have shown that ectopic expression of FGFs in the RPE induces RPE-to-NR transdifferentiation. Similarly,(More)
Dendritic cells (DC) can be generated in vitro from monocytes (M-DC) or from CD34+ hemopoietic progenitor cells (CD34-DC) but their precursors are not equivalent cells, prompting a comparison of the functional capacities of these APC. Both types of DCs established from the same individuals using the same cytokines displayed a comparable phenotype of mature(More)
OBJECTIVE Blocking tumor necrosis factor (TNF) effectively inhibits inflammation and joint damage in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), but 40% of RA patients respond only transiently or not at all to the current anti-TNF biotherapies. The purpose of this study was to develop an alternative targeted therapy for this subgroup of RA patients. As proof of concept, we(More)
IMPORTANCE Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome is a rare primary immunodeficiency associated with severe microthrombocytopenia. Partially HLA antigen-matched allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) transplantation is often curative but is associated with significant comorbidity. OBJECTIVE To assess the outcomes and safety of autologous HSC gene therapy in(More)
Plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) play an important role in innate and adaptive immunity, prompting interest in mechanisms controlling the production of this lineage of cells. Notch signaling via one of the Notch ligands, delta-like 1 (delta-1), influences the hematopoietic development of several lymphoid and myeloid lineages, but whether or not delta-1(More)