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In gram-positive bacteria, HPr, a phosphocarrier protein of the phosphoenolpyruvate:sugar phosphotransferase system (PTS), is phosphorylated by an ATP-dependent, metabolite-activated protein kinase on seryl residue 46. In a Bacillus subtilis mutant strain in which Ser-46 of HPr was replaced with a nonphosphorylatable alanyl residue (ptsH1 mutation),(More)
Catabolite repression of various Bacillus subtilis catabolic operons which carry a cis-acting catabolite-responsive element (CRE), such as the gnt operon, is mediated by CcpA, a protein belonging to the GalR-Lacl family of bacterial transcriptional repressors/activators, and the seryl-phosphorylated form of HPr, a phosphocarrier protein of the(More)
Carbon catabolite repression (CCR) of several operons in Bacillus subtilis and Bacillus megaterium is mediated by the cis-acting cre sequence and trans-acting catabolite control protein (CcpA). We describe purification of CcpA from B. megaterium and its interaction with regulatory sequences from the xyl operon. Specific interaction of CcpA with cre as(More)
BACKGROUND The modern Western lifestyle is characterized by the consumption of high-heat-treated foods because of their characteristic taste and flavor. However, it has been shown that treating food at high temperatures can generate potentially harmful compounds that promote inflammation and cardiovascular disease in subjects with diabetes. OBJECTIVE The(More)
To investigate the physiological diversity in the regulation and control of mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation, we determined the composition and functional features of the respiratory chain in muscle, heart, liver, kidney, and brain. First, we observed important variations in mitochondrial content and infrastructure via electron micrographs of the(More)
PURPOSE We compared an iontophoresis riboflavin delivery technique for transepithelial corneal collagen crosslinking (I-CXL) with a conventional CXL (C-CXL). METHODS We designed three experimental sets using 152 New Zealand rabbits to study riboflavin application by iontophoresis using charged riboflavin solution (Ricrolin+) with a 1-mA current for 5(More)
BACKGROUND Inflammation followed by fibrosis is a component of islet dysfunction in both rodent and human type 2 diabetes. Because islet inflammation may originate from endothelial cells, we assessed the expression of selected genes involved in endothelial cell activation in islets from a spontaneous model of type 2 diabetes, the Goto-Kakizaki (GK) rat. We(More)
The presence of brown adipose tissue (BAT) in human adults opens attractive perspectives to treat metabolic disorders. Indeed, BAT dissipates energy as heat via uncoupling protein (UCP)1. Brown adipocytes are located in specific deposits or can emerge among white fat through the so-called browning process. Although numerous inducers have been shown to drive(More)
The transcriptional antiterminator LicT regulates the induction and carbon catabolite repression of the Bacillus subtilis bglPH operon. LicT is inactive in mutants affected in one of the two general components of the phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP):glycose phosphotransferase system, enzyme I or histidine-containing protein (HPr). We demonstrate that LicT becomes(More)
Adipose stroma/stem cells (ASC) represent an ideal source of autologous cells for cell-based therapy. Their transplantation enhances neovascularization after experimental ischemic injury. Aging is associated with a progressive decrease in the regenerative potential of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) from bone marrow. This work aims to determine the aging(More)