Anne Fischbeck

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BACKGROUND The single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs2542151 within the gene locus region encoding protein tyrosine phosphatase non-receptor type 2 (PTPN2) has been associated with Crohn's disease (CD), ulcerative colitis (UC), type-I diabetes, and rheumatoid arthritis. We have previously shown that PTPN2 regulates mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK)(More)
Ceramides and glucocerebrosides of potatoes (Solanum tuberosum L.) and sweet potatoes (Ipomoea batatas (L.) Lam.) were analyzed using RP-HPLC-ESI-MS/MS. Ceramides and glucocerebrosides containing the three different long-chain bases 4,8-sphingadienine (d18:2(delta4,delta8)), 4-hydroxy-8-sphingenine (t18:1(delta8)), and 8-sphingenine (d18:1(delta8)) acylated(More)
BACKGROUND Autophagy is a process of central importance for maintaining cell homeostasis, survival, and the regulation of inflammation. Recent studies associated variants within the gene loci, encoding protein tyrosine phosphatase nonreceptor type 2 (PTPN2), and autophagy genes, such as autophagy-related 16-like 1 (ATG16L1), with chronic inflammatory(More)
BACKGROUND The sphingolipid sphingomyelin is a constituent in food derived from animals. Digestive breakdown of sphingomyelin results in ceramide, recently suggested to be involved in activation of cathepsin D as a novel mediator of apoptosis. Damage of the epithelial barrier was detected in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) due to increased(More)
SCOPE The major alimentary sources for the plasma membrane lipid sphingomyelin (SM) are dairy products, eggs, and meat. We recently reported that the SM metabolite ceramide induces cathepsin D mediated apoptosis in murine intestinal epithelial cells (IECs) and increases inflammation in acute colitis. We investigated the impact of SM and phosphatidylcholine(More)
The amount of sphingomyelin in different kinds of meat was analyzed by hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography (HILIC-HPLC) coupled with electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry (ESI-MS/MS). Analysis comprised sphingomyelin species with the five different sphingoid bases dihydrosphingosine (d18:0), sphingosine (d18:1(Delta4)),(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS The non-lysosomal glucosylceramidase, β-glucosidase (Gba2), hydrolyzes glucosylceramide to glucose and ceramide (Cer). Cer is a potent second-messenger lipid that plays an important role in signaling cascades involved in apoptosis. The aim of this study was to investigate whether Gba2 knock-out (Gba2(-/-)) affects the extent of dextran(More)
BACKGROUND In vitro and in vivo data have shown that retinoid treatment promotes an anti-inflammatory milieu with few adverse effects toward the gastrointestinal tract. The in vivo studies reported here further evaluate retinoid effects in 2 mouse models of inflammatory bowel disease. METHOD Chronic dextran sulfate sodium colitis was induced in age- and(More)
BACKGROUND The heat shock protein gp96 is an endoplasmic reticulum chaperone involved in endoplasmic reticulum stress reactions. gp96 binds antigens and is secreted into extracellular space on cell stress. After reinternalization by antigen presenting cells, antigens can be transferred to major histocompatibility complex molecules. In recent studies, we(More)
The chaperone function of the ER-residing heat shock protein gp96 plays an important role in protein physiology and has additionally important immunological functions due to its peptide-binding capacity. Low amounts of gp96 stimulate immunity; high quantities induce tolerance by mechanisms not fully understood. A lack of gp96 protein in intestinal(More)
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