Learn More
Ca2+ entry into neuronal cells is modulated by the activation of numerous G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs). Much effort has been invested in studying direct G-protein-mediated inhibition of voltage-dependent CaV2 Ca2+ channels. This inhibition occurs through a series of convergent modifications in the biophysical properties of the channels. An integrated(More)
T-type voltage-gated calcium channels are expressed in the dendrites of many neurons, although their functional interactions with postsynaptic receptors and contributions to synaptic signaling are not well understood. We combine electrophysiological and ultrafast two-photon calcium imaging to demonstrate that mGluR1 activation potentiates cerebellar(More)
T-type calcium channels (the Ca(V)3 channel family) are involved in defining the resting membrane potential and in neuronal activities such as oscillations and rebound depolarization. Their physiological roles depend upon the channel activation and inactivation kinetics. A fast inactivation that stops the ionic flux of calcium in tens of milliseconds has(More)
Two-photon microscopy offers the promise of monitoring brain activity at multiple locations within intact tissue. However, serial sampling of voxels has been difficult to reconcile with millisecond timescales characteristic of neuronal activity. This is due to the conflicting constraints of scanning speed and signal amplitude. The recent use of(More)
CaV3.1 T-type channels are abundant at the cerebellar synapse between parallel fibers and Purkinje cells where they contribute to synaptic depolarization. So far, no specific physiological function has been attributed to these channels neither as charge carriers nor more specifically as Ca(2+) carriers. Here we analyze their incidence on synaptic(More)
Direct G protein inhibition of N-type calcium channels is recognized by characteristic biophysical modifications. In this study, we quantify and simulate the importance of G protein dissociation on the phenotype of G protein-regulated whole-cell currents. Based on the observation that the voltage-dependence of the time constant of recovery from G protein(More)
In cerebellar Purkinje cell dendrites, heterosynaptic calcium signaling induced by the proximal climbing fiber (CF) input controls plasticity at distal parallel fiber (PF) synapses. The substrate and regulation of this long-range dendritic calcium signaling are poorly understood. Using high-speed calcium imaging, we examine the role of active dendritic(More)
Semiconductor nanocrystals (NCs) are increasingly being used as photoluminescen markers in biological imaging. Their brightness, large Stokes shift, and high photostability compared to organic fluorophores permit the exploration of biological phenomena at the single-molecule scale with superior temporal resolution and spatial precision. NCs have(More)
The great demand for long-wavelength and high signal-to-noise Ca(2+) indicators has led us to develop CaRuby-Nano, a new functionalizable red calcium indicator with nanomolar affinity for use in cell biology and neuroscience research. In addition, we generated CaRuby-Nano dextran conjugates and an AM-ester variant for bulk loading of tissue. We tested the(More)
Once the tools for controlling calcium gradients became available to electrophysiologists, they began the quest for understanding the role of Ca2+ in the control of neuronal activity. In the early 1970s Paul Feltz and I spent a rich period in K. Krnjevic's laboratory in Montreal, and I was already involved in a research, which showed that an increase in(More)