Anne Favaretto

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Results obtained in our laboratories have provided evidence for the participation of the hypothalamic atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) neuronal system in the regulation of water and electrolyte homeostasis. The anterior ventral third ventricular (AV3V) region, a site of the perikarya of the ANP neurons, receives important afferent input from ascending(More)
Since endothelin has been localized in neurons in areas involved in water and electrolyte metabolism, areas which also contain atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) neurons, we determined whether endothelin would release ANP and induce natriuresis. Endothelin-3 (ET-3) in doses ranging from 38 to 760 pmol was microinjected into the third ventricle (3V) of(More)
Our previous studies have shown that stimulation of the anterior ventral third ventricular region increases atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) release, whereas lesions of this structure, the median eminence, or removal of the neural lobe of the pituitary block ANP release induced by blood volume expansion (BVE). These results indicate that participation of(More)
In the initial experiments reviewed here, we show that atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) plays an important inhibitory role in the control of sodium chloride and water intake since injections of ANP into the third ventricle (3V) caused a reduction in dehydration-induced drinking and also the drinking of salt in salt-depleted rats. Attention was then turned(More)
Our hypothesis is that oxytocin (OT) causes natriuresis by activation of renal NO synthase that releases NO followed by cGMP that mediates the natriuresis. To test this hypothesis, an inhibitor of NO synthase, L-nitroarginine methyl ester (NAME), was injected into male rats. Blockade of NO release by NAME had no effect on natriuresis induced by atrial(More)
Male Wistar rats were injected i.p. with 2 x 10(5) trypomastigotes of the Bolivia strain. Fifteen days later, few parasite nests were observed in the fibromuscular layer surrounding the seminal vesicle acini of chagasic animals and no parasites were detected in the testis and ventral prostate. A significant decrease was observed in the absolute weight and(More)
Our previous studies have shown that stimulation of the anteroventral third ventricle (AV3V) region of the brain increases atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) release, whereas lesions of the AV3V region or median eminence of the tuber cinereum block the release of ANP caused by blood volume expansion. These results suggest that participation of the central(More)
Our previous experiments suggested that natriuresis induced by blood volume expansion, was brought about by oxytocin (OT)-stimulated atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) release from the right atrium. We hypothesized that the ANP released might exert effects on the atrium itself and therefore carried out in vitro experiments to test this hypothesis. Heart rate(More)
The effect of exposure to lead on endocrine function was studied in pubertal rats treated with 1.0 g/l lead acetate (PbAc) in drinking water for 20 days (subacute group) or 9 months (chronic group) in addition to iv injections of PbAc (0.1 mg/100 g body weight) every 10 (subacute group) or 15 days (chronic group). Although basal levels of testosterone were(More)
This article provides a personal and historical review of research concerning the hypothalamic control of water and salt intake and excretion. The following major points will be considered: 1. Electrical, osmotic, cholinergic, alpha-adrenergic and peptidergic stimulation of the hypothalamus. 2. Determination of the pathways involved in these neuroendocrine(More)