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BACKGROUND The aim of the study was to review systematically the literature measuring the accuracy of routine UK hospital statistics that classify patients on discharge. METHODS A systematic review was carried out of studies comparing routine discharge statistics about an episode of hospital care with the original medical record. Dual quality assessment(More)
OBJECTIVE The uptake of research findings into routine health care is a haphazard and unpredictable process. The usefulness of the results of implementation studies is limited, due in part to the lack of an underlying framework of the important dimensions of research studies in this area and the healthcare settings within which they are conducted and may(More)
Health services research consistently demonstrates a gap between research-based best clinical practice and what doctors actually do. Traditionally, the profession of medicine has behaved as if dissemination of research findings in peer-reviewed journals will eliminate this gap, even though professionals typically have less than 1 hour per week to read. This(More)
BACKGROUND The UK Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists published the clinical guideline, The Care of Women Requesting Induced Abortion, to address recognized variations in care. There is little empirical evidence on factors that influence compliance with the guideline. A better understanding of such factors is needed for quality improvement(More)
BACKGROUND There is growing interest in the use of cognitive, behavioural, and organisational theories in implementation research. However, the extent of use of theory in implementation research is uncertain. METHODS We conducted a systematic review of use of theory in 235 rigorous evaluations of guideline dissemination and implementation studies(More)
OBJECTIVES To address issues about data monitoring committees (DMCs) for randomised controlled trials (RCTs). DATA SOURCES Electronic databases. Handsearching of selected books. Personal contacts with experts in the field. REVIEW METHODS Systematic literature reviews of DMCs and small group processes in decision-making; sample surveys of: reports of(More)
BACKGROUND Psychological models are used to understand and predict behaviour in a wide range of settings, but have not been consistently applied to health professional behaviours, and the contribution of differing theories is not clear. This study explored the usefulness of a range of models to predict an evidence-based behaviour -- the placing of fissure(More)
—Snow water equivalent (SWE) is a critical parameter for climatological and hydrological studies over northern high-latitude areas. In this paper, we study the usability of the Helsinki University of Technology (HUT) snow emission model for the estimation of SWE in a Canadian boreal forest environment. The experimental data (airborne passive microwave and(More)