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We report the draft genome of the black cottonwood tree, Populus trichocarpa. Integration of shotgun sequence assembly with genetic mapping enabled chromosome-scale reconstruction of the genome. More than 45,000 putative protein-coding genes were identified. Analysis of the assembled genome revealed a whole-genome duplication event; about 8000 pairs of(More)
To illuminate the function and evolutionary history of both genomes, we sequenced mouse DNA related to human chromosome 19. Comparative sequence alignments yielded confirmatory evidence for hypothetical genes and identified exons, regulatory elements, and candidate genes that were missed by other predictive methods. Chromosome-wide comparisons revealed a(More)
The runt related transcription factor CBFA1 (AML3/PEBP2alphaA/RUNX2) regulates expression of several bone- and cartilage-related genes and is required for bone formation in vivo. The gene regulatory mechanisms that control activation and repression of CBFA1 gene transcription during osteoblast differentiation and skeletal development are essential for(More)
Endogenous feline leukemia virus (FeLV)-related sequences (enFeLV) are a family of proviral elements found in domestic cats and their close relatives. These elements can recombine with exogenous, infectious FeLVs of subgroup A (FeLV-A), giving rise to host range variants of FeLV-B. We found that a subset of defective enFeLV proviruses is highly expressed in(More)
The genetic basis of feline leukemia virus (FeLV)-induced lymphoma was investigated in a series of 63 lymphoid tumors and tumor cell lines of presumptive T-cell origin. These were examined for virus-induced rearrangements of the c-myc, flvi-2 (bmi-1), fit-1, and pim-1 loci, for T-cell receptor (TCR) gene rearrangements, and for the presence of env(More)
Feline leukemia viruses carrying transduced v-myc genes (myc-FeLV) induce tumors of clonal origin, suggesting that activated myc alone is not sufficient for tumorigenesis. To investigate the hypothesis that insertional mutagenesis plays a role by activating genes which collaborate with v-myc, we looked for evidence of common proviral integration sites in(More)
The Runx2 (Cbfa1, Pebp2αA, Aml3) gene was previously identified as a frequent target for transcriptional activation by proviral insertion in T-cell lymphomas of CD2-MYC transgenic mice. We have recently shown that over-expression of the full-length, most highly expressed Runx2 isoform in the thymus perturbs T-cell development, leads to development of(More)
The mammalian Runx gene family (Runx1–3) are transcription factors that play essential, lineage-specific roles in development. A growing body of evidence implicates these genes as mutational targets in cancer where, in different contexts, individual family members have been reported to act as tumour suppressors, dominant oncogenes or mediators of(More)
The Runx genes are important in development and cancer, where they can act either as oncogenes or tumour suppressors. We compared the effects of ectopic Runx expression in established fibroblasts, where all three genes produce an indistinguishable phenotype entailing epithelioid morphology and increased cell survival under stress conditions. Gene array(More)
The Runx genes play paradoxical roles in cancer where they can function either as dominant oncogenes or tumor suppressors according to context. We now show that the ability to induce premature senescence in primary murine embryonic fibroblasts (MEF) is a common feature of all three Runx genes. However, ectopic Runx-induced senescence contrasts with Ras(More)