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BACKGROUND Androgens are involved in the development of prostate cancer. Finasteride, an inhibitor of 5alpha-reductase, inhibits the conversion of testosterone to dihydrotestosterone, the primary androgen in the prostate, and may reduce the risk of prostate cancer. METHODS In the Prostate Cancer Prevention Trial, we randomly assigned 18,882 men 55 years(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate three technologies for the management of advanced colorectal cancer: (1) first-line irinotecan combination [with 5-fluorouracil (5-FU)] or second-line monotherapy; (2) first- or second-line oxaliplatin combination (again, with 5-FU); and (3) raltitrexed, where 5-FU is inappropriate. To examine the role of irinotecan and oxaliplatin in(More)
Photosensitivity has recently been reported as a feature of the Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome (SLO). The aim of this study was to establish the photobiological features of this disorder and to examine the hypothesis that the photosensitivity is caused by the high levels of 7-dehydrocholesterol found in SLO. All known cases of SLO in the U.K. were reviewed and(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to prospectively evaluate the clinical application of the recently published American College of Cardiology Foundation and American Society of Echocardiography appropriateness criteria (AC) for transesophageal echocardiographic (TEE) imaging at a single-center university hospital. METHODS As outlined in the AC, TEE(More)
The Prostate Cancer Prevention Trial is a randomized double blind chemoprevention trial of 18,882 men. It is designed to test the difference in the histologically proven prostate cancer prevalence between a group of participants given finasteride and another given placebo for 7 years. We present an overview of the study design, details of the administrative(More)
The diagnosis of keratoma in 7 horses and their treatment and outcome were evaluated. Horses were 2 to 20 years old, of various breeds, and were intact or castrated males. All were lame, and 6 horses had had previous injuries of the affected hoof that had not responded to prior treatments. Only 1 hoof was affected in each horse. Keratomas were beneath the(More)
Breast cancer is the most common cancer among women in the United States, with 192,870 new cases and 40,170 deaths due to this disease estimated to have occurred 2009. An emphasis on prevention has been increasing in view of a persisting high incidence of disease. Seventy percent of breast cancers are estrogen receptor (ER)-positive, and are therefore(More)
A case of severe photosensitivity in a girl with the Smith-Lemli-Opitz syndrome is reported. Children with this recessively inherited metabolic disorder of cholesterol metabolism present with a variety of congenital abnormalities of the nervous system and internal organs in association with varying degrees of mental retardation. Photosensitivity is a(More)
The third-generation aromatase inhibitors (AIs), anastrozole, exemestane, and letrozole are potential agents for preventing estrogen receptor (ER)-positive breast cancer (BC) in high-risk postmenopausal women. No AI has yet been fully evaluated for prevention. Each AI is incorporated into the design of a phase 3 randomized BC prevention trial based on(More)