Anne E. Rader

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BACKGROUND Differentiating gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) from other intramural mesenchymal tumors of the GI tract on fine-needle aspiration biopsies (FNABs) is difficult. Recent studies have shown that GISTs are immunophenotypically and genetically distinct. GISTs exhibit consistent immunohistochemical expression of CD-117 (KIT) and often express(More)
Mesenchymal chondrosarcoma is a rare malignant tumor that comprises about 3-10% of all sarcomas. Reports of cytogenetic studies of mesenchymal chondrosarcoma are limited and no consistent cytogenetic abnormality has surfaced. Some mesenchymal chondrosarcomas have a t(11;22) translocation suggesting a relationship with the PNET/Ewing tumor family. We report(More)
Retrorectal cysts are uncommon lesions of uncertain histogenesis, and primary carcinoid tumors arising in retrorectal cysts are extremely rare. We present the case of a 52-yr-old man who had a 22-cm partially cystic, partially solid mass in the presacral space. A computed tomography-guided fine-needle aspiration of the mass was performed. The smears(More)
OBJECTIVES The CO2 laser is the standard for control of recurrent respiratory papillomatosis because of its predictable action on laryngeal tissue. The noncontact neodymium:yttrium aluminum garnet (Nd:YAG) 1064-nm laser is generally not used in the larynx owing to the lack of data on its tissue effects, and its potential lack of safety in the larynx.(More)
Between January 1997 and February 2000, 101 fine-needle pancreatic aspirates were obtained. After a cytologic diagnosis was made, possible molecular alterations were determined on the 94 aspirates with adequate tissue using a molecular panel (K-ras, p53, and DPC4 [MAD4] genes). The 94 aspirates were categorized as follows: diagnostic of adenocarcinoma, 48(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the significance of atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance (ASCUS) in patients 55 years or older. STUDY DESIGN From January 1994, to January 1997, 8,175 cervicovaginal smears were obtained from patients 55 years or older (mean age, 64.8; range, 56-84) at University Hospitals of Cleveland. Ninety-six of these patients(More)
BACKGROUND GI stromal tumors are spindle cell tumors that stain positive for immunohistochemical CD-117 (c-kit). Prognostic factors for malignancy include size (> or =4 cm), mitotic index (5 mitotic figures/50 high-powered fields), and ulcerated, cystic, or necrotic areas within the tumor. The purpose of this study was to compare these features in c-kit(More)
OBJECTIVES A major limitation to screening and surveillance of Barrett's esophagus is the complexity, expense, and risk associated with sedation for upper endoscopy. This study examines the feasibility, accuracy, and patient acceptability of office-based unsedated endoscopy as an alternative. METHODS Of 274 eligible adults scheduled for endoscopic(More)
We determined the nucleotide sequences of the hemolysin structural gene, hlyA, of Vibrio cholerae El Tor biotype strains RV79(Hly+) and RV79(Hly-) and the hly determinant of the nonhemolytic classical biotype strain 569B(Hly-). The sequences of the hlyA gene from El Tor strains RV79(Hly+) and RV79(Hly-) have an identical 2,223-base open reading frame which(More)
The interpretation of pancreas fine-needle aspiration (FNA) is extremely difficult given the cytologic overlap of neoplastic and reactive processes. Using serial analysis of gene expression, we have discovered 2 new markers of pancreatic adenocarcinoma, mesothelin and prostate stem cell antigen (PSCA), and confirmed their specificity by immunohistochemical(More)